anterior pituitary


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Related to anterior pituitary: thyroid gland, pituitary gland, adrenal gland
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Synonyms for anterior pituitary

References in periodicals archive ?
Expression of chemokine CXCL10 in dendritic-cell-like S100[beta]-positive cells in rat anterior pituitary gland.
We extracted whole RNA from the rat anterior pituitary tissue using TRIzol lysis solution (Takara Company, Japan) according to the manufacturer's instructions, and synthesized cDNA using a PrimeScriptA(r) RT kit (Takara Company, Japan).
Dopamine infusion and anterior pituitary gland function in very low birth weight infants.
Alison Kilgour's eight-year old son Lliam has panhypopituitarism - a condition of inadequate or absent production of the anterior pituitary hormones.
However, they may also lead to anterior pituitary functional disorders, extrasellar enlargement, and visual loss (10).
Lactotrophs, representing about 20% of the cells encompassing the anterior pituitary and found in its lateral portion, secrete prolactin [2].
In case of incomplete differentiation of anterior pituitary gland, one or more of these hormones may be affected, causing combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD) [1].
An MRI showed only an anterior pituitary hypoplasia, while those for patients with genetic GHD generally reveal a normal or hypoplastic pituitary gland without abnormalities of the hypothalamus, pituitary dystopia, agenesis of the pituitary gland, or thinning or interruption of the pituitary stalk [17].
For comparative analysis, the 30 nonadenomatous anterior pituitary samples were processed into TMAs as well, together with 55 PIT-1-positive, 22 gonadotroph, and 82 nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas.
This hypothesis was partly supported by reports showing that infusion of SCFA into blood, and/or an increase of SCFA in the medium bathing the anterior pituitary gland cells, suppressed GHRH-induced GH release [4-6].
GnRH triggers the anterior pituitary gland to secrete follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which in turn initiates development of the follicle containing the oocyte, leading toward ovulation: the oocyte begins to mature, and the granulosa cells start secreting estrogen.
In response to signals from the hypothalamus, the anterior pituitary produces and secretes trophic hormones, which are hormones that have a growth effect on the organs or tissues they are targeting.
(1) They may secrete anterior pituitary hormones, in which case they are heralded by endocrine symptoms, or be functionally silent, when they often present with signs and symptoms associated with compression of local structures.
An MRI of her pituitary gland showed a small anterior pituitary and the other pituitary hormones were within the normal range.
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