According to this approach, a proper description of the moral object would not be my arm, which is a thing of the physical order, and not simply raising my arm, which lacks reference to an end--but raising my arm in order to greet someone; not removing Tom's watch, but removing Tom's watch to play a trick or removing Tom's watch to appropriate it; not shooting someone, but shooting someone to repel his aggression or shooting someone to carry out capital punishment or shooting someone to bring about their death; not taking an anovulant
pill, but taking an anovulant
pill to prevent the procreative consequences of the marital act or taking an anovulant
pill to treat endometriosis.
He wrote in 1962, "Since theological discussion of the anovulant
drugs began some four or more years ago, moralists have never been less than unanimous in their assertions that natural law cannot countenance the use of these progestational steroids for the purpose of contraception as that term is properly understood in the light of papal teaching.
The women were not taking anovulant
medication and their ages ranged from 20 to 45 years.
14 teaches that "every action which, either in anticipation of the conjugal act, or in its accomplishment, or in the development of its natural consequences, proposes, whether as an end or as a means, to render procreation impossible" is illicit, it remains ambiguous how this pronouncement would include the use of the anovulant
pill as a form of regulating fertility.
33) Obviously, such explanations were not effective against the anovulant
pill, which did not frustrate semination and for this reason was promoted as "natural" because it worked through altering hormone levels.