Due to the cultural pressures for girls to be thin, professionals and parents are alert to the potential for risky dietary behavior; however, many male anorectics remain unnoticed.
Thus, there may be more male anorectics receiving medical attention, but who are not diagnosed as anorectic.
In other ways, too, Elaine's behavior echoes that commonly attributed to nineteenth-century anorectics.
In drawing attention to the coincidences between Tennyson's female characters and Victorian fasters and anorectics it has not been my intention to impose on these fictional figures retrospective clinical diagnoses: such an effort would be both futile and reductive.
The popularity of anorectic
drugs among the general public and many doctors should also be taken into consideration.
Probably the most common API is the banned anorectic
drug sibutramine, for which there are currently at least two analogues and an active metabolite.
Heather Munro Prescott's "Anorexia Nervosa," for example, summarizes the class, cultural, and ethnic assumptions about anorectics
, and concludes that "the standard image of anorexia nervosa as a privileged white girl's disease is increasingly being called into question.
develop such an intense fear of food, as well as an obsessive desire to control intake, that they often literally starve themselves to death.
Among the 22 who completed the program, severe relapses (a return to DSM-IV criteria for eating disorders) and partial relapses (significant eating problems) over 5 years were more common in binging and purging anorectics
than in restrictors.
8) The body, for anorectics
and for many others, is one important object of control.
Use of anorectics
for longer than 3 months is associated with a 23-fold increase in the risk of developing primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH), a serious, potentially life-threatening cardiovascular condition.
In view of recent progress in our understanding of the multiplicity of signalling pathways involved in appetite regulation, and the resultant deluge of reports on the anorectic
efficacy of novel therapies, it seems timely to stress the need to differentiate treatments that suppress intake by primary means from those that only indirectly achieve this endpoint.