are found in anatomical exposed locations.
Regarding operative treatment there is no pancacea but rather a variety of techniques i.e., ulnar osteotomy Kwire or plate osteosynthesis, radial osteotomy, transcaptellar K-wire fixation with or with out annular ligament
After becoming superficial, the tendon of the DDF glides over the middle scutum, and passes toward the third phalanx, bound by the distal digital annular ligament
On the 6th day, the patient returned to the OR for final I&D, annular ligament
repair, LCL repair, and closure.
Trachea was not damaged much, there was tear in annular ligament
and mucosa of trachea ventrally (Fig.3) and tracheal rings were not damaged.
The LUCL complex originates on the lateral epicondyle with fibers fanning out into the annular ligament
while other fibers, as Sanderhoff et al describe, pass through the annular ligament
and insert on the crest of the ulna.
Palpation of the annular ligament
with concomitant wrist pronation/supination revealed severe crepitus and reproduced the chief complaint of sharp elbow pain.
It is comprised of the radial collateral ligament, the lateral ulnar collateral ligament, the accessory collateral ligament, and the annular ligament
. The annular ligament
secures the proximal radioulnar joint.
"My horse has actually been out of action for the best part of the year, with an annular ligament
injury," said Henry.
In addition to the collateral ligaments, the elbow joint of the dog is composed of the annular ligament
, olecranon ligament, and oblique ligament (Campbell; Denny, 1993 and Evans).
The hitherto incised tracheal rings were resected completely by annular ligament
technique and remaining tracheal rings were anastomosed using standard procedure.