[1.] Anderson Teixeira, Nilva Moraes, Michel Eid Farah and Pedro Paulo Bonomo: Choroidal neovascularization treated with intravitreal injection of bevacizumab (Avastin) in angioid streaks. Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica 2006;835.
Systemic associations of angioid streaks. Int Ophthalmol Clin 1991;31:61-8.
Angioid streaks: natural history and visual progression.
Scholz, "Angioid streaks," Archives of Ophthalmology, vol.
Yuzawa, "Novel mutations of ABCC6 gene in Japanese patients with angioid streaks," Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol.
Caption: Figure 2: Pedigrees of three Japanese families with angioid streaks (AS).
(7) Patients who have angioid streaks
on funduscopic examination but no visible skin lesions have received a diagnosis of pseudoxanthoma elasticum based on the biopsy results of scars or flexural skin of the neck or axillae.
Fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) revealed angioid streaks and comet lesions in both eyes.
Fundoscopic examination revealed angioid streaks in both eyes, and subretinal fluid in the foveal area and subretinal hemorrhage inferonasal to the fovea in the left eye.
Angioid streaks result from calcification of the elastic fibers in Bruch's membrane of the retina.
Ocular findings were bilateral angioid streaks and retinal pigmentary changes, though patient was asymptomatic.
* The prognosis in angioid streaks
is guarded due to high recurrence rates being up to 70%, and development of new CNVMs despite using various treatment modalities (17)