There's also a rare secondary headache disorder called cardiac cephalgia, in which head pain is an anginal equivalent
It has been recognized that older patients or females with ACS frequently present with symptoms other than chest pain (CP; anginal equivalent
symptoms), such as shortness of breath (SOB), general weakness (WK), or pain at a site other than the chest (PAIN) (6, 7).
Kaminetsky diagnosed it as an atypical presentation of heart disease -- what is called an anginal equivalent
are most common in elderly patients (up to 70% of those over age 85); those with long-standing insulin-dependent diabetes (40% vs.
These acute coronary syndromes result from decreased coronary blood flow and cause chest discomfort, usually at rest, with or without characteristic radiation, or such comparable anginal equivalents
as weakness, dyspnea, and diaphoresis.