These artificial methods rely on the use of anabolic androgenic steroids
(AAS) (Kanayama, Barry, Hudson, & Pope, 2006).
Anabolic androgenic steroid
(AAS) related deaths: autoptic, histopathological and toxicological findings.
The obnoxious usage of androgenic steroids
leads to excessive facial hair growth, enlarged clitoris, deepening of voice and menstrual irregularities.
Performance-enhancing substances: Some bodybuilders use drugs such as anabolic androgenic steroids
and precursor substances such as prohormones to increase muscle hypertrophy.
Anabolic androgenic steroids
(AAS) are artificial substances, acting through androgen receptors (1).
In Brazil, there are no official reports about the illicit use of anabolic androgenic steroids
(AAS), but users are mainly men between 18 and 34 years old (4).
Perazella, "Bile acid nephropathy in a bodybuilder abusing an anabolic androgenic steroid
," American Journal of Kidney Diseases, vol.
Ribeiro de Souza noted that the study suggests that anabolic androgenic steroid
use may be associated with the development of coronary artery disease in apparently healthy young people.
"The new warning will alert prescribers to the abuse potential of testosterone and the serious adverse outcomes, especially those related to heart and mental health that have been reported in association with testosterone/anabolic androgenic steroid
(AAS) abuse," the FDA (http://www.fda.gov/Safety/MedWatch/SafetyInformation/SafetyAlertsforHumanMedicalProducts/ucm526151.htm?source=govdelivery&utm_medium=email&utm_source=govdelivery) said in a statement.
Oxandrolone is an Anabolic Androgenic Steroid
that is classified in the World Anti-Doping Agency List of Prohibited Substances and Methods.
UK Anti-Doping (UKAD) has con-firmed Songhurst, from Bridgend, who plays for South Wales Scorpions in the Kingstone Press League, tested positive for an exogenous anabolic androgenic steroid
, drostanolone, following an out-of-competition test at a club training session on February 23.
An animal study by the same investigators suggested that DHEA, a weak androgenic steroid
secreted by the adrenal glands as well as the ovaries, might be a useful therapy to delay the effects of ovarian aging (Hum.
Longterm psychiatric and medical consequences of anabolic androgenic steroid
abuse: a looming public health concern?
Administration of the anabolic androgenic steroid
nandrolone decanoate to female rats causes alterations in the morphology of their uterus and a reduction in reproductive capacity.
M, Fahlke C, Thiblin I., 2007, Administration of the anabolic androgenic steroid
nandrolone decanoate to female rats cause salterations in themorphology of the uterus and a reduction in reproductive capacity.