In 1986 respondents were invited to trace their ancestry back to their grandparents and were given space to insert up to three nominated ancestries. The intention can never have been to count all three, however, as the form had only two coding boxes beneath these three lines.
This time the census gave a total of 72,956 Maori, but the impact of lost ancestries was even greater.
Individuals can provide a maximum of two main ancestries 'with which they most closely identify, if possible'.
The majority of persons of the first generation of most Western European ancestries (except the English) have partners of a different ancestry.
Irish is among the top five ancestries
in every state but two (Hawaii and New Mexico).
The largest number of ancestries
reported by more than 15 million people each.
While her research demonstrated that the temporal increases in the Canadian response had no impact on the reporting of the foreign-born single ancestries, it said nothing about the implications for ethnic identity versus ethnic ancestry per se.
In terms of policy implications, they argue that despite the problems created by asking only one question on ethnic ancestry and the high Canadian response, the data collected concerning ethnic ancestries in Canada are still valid.
At first, the reader will be impressed that so much could be known about ancestries
, but then, threading through the various accounts of investigations and genealogies, the possibility emerges that large swathes of this knowledge were simply made up.
It is an open-ended question, and those persons who thought of themselves as having more than one origin were free to write in their multiple ancestries. Any ancestry response that might reveal a person's religion is masked.
The list of ancestries contains over 400 categories in the Public Use Microdata Samples (PUMS) created from the 1980 and 1990 censuses.
Another question asks the person to list one or more ancestries
, of which the first two were included in the PUMS data file.
No, but first let's start calling racial-ethnic-gender disability programs "fair play" programs rather than "affirmative action" programs; and second, let's make sure that low-income persons of all ancestries
The focus was also on groups of European ancestries, particular in examining intermarriage in the second generation.
The 2001 census asked the question, 'What is the person's ancestry?' A census guide handed out with the census form suggested that people should answer the question with the ancestry or ancestries that they most closely identified with, and that they could count their ancestry as far back as their great grandparents.