The second way is to study real facts about children's acquisition of anaphoric
expressions and involves theory--internal constraints, as well as what Lust refers to as research methodology (ibid: 11) which includes experimental work on what children pay attention to or which strategies they employ in resolving anaphora (see also Hornstein and Lightfoot 1981).
A non-possessive, direct anaphoric
use of the possessive suffix to mark an already mentioned referent, which is known to be a common feature of many Uralic languages (Budzisch 2017), is found in the text about a willow grouse, where the mention of the bird in a subsequent sentence requires marking with a possessive affix:
It had three vines/In it were three vines.' (Los 2012: 36, Gen (Ker) 40.9-10) The italicised forms in (12a-b) provide unambiguous anaphoric
reference--the masculine he in (12a) co-refers with Joe, and the feminine she co-refers with Sally.
Findings indicate that Direct Instruction (DI) and graphic organizers have positive effects, while cooperative learning, anaphoric
cueing, and question generation show promise.
Accordingly, two types of semiotic interplay are identified: cataphoric deduction and anaphoric
Facility Description: Power Plant." The title's clipped, anaphoric
pronouncement hovers above the stanzas, which are delivered in eerie counterpoint: a technocratic voice "explains" things while it smothers an embedded italicized nursery rhyme.
The interpretation of these compounds is heavily context-dependent, it is a definite (unambiguously anaphoric
) yet not specific reference, hence the importance of the (anaphoric
) deictic use of the here.
Finally, O'Connor and Klein (2004) examined the ability of students with ASD to identify anaphoric
relations, that is, the referent of pronouns (e.g., to whom "he" refers in "Max likes to run.
Abe aims to construct a movement theory of anaphora according to which those anaphoric
relations that are traditionally captured by rules of construal in the grammar are established instead by the operation Move and only by this means.
These are Exophoric, Anaphoric
, and Cataphoric (Halliday; Matthiessen.2004)
, cataphoric, and exophoric references are important linguistic features in texts.
According to the author, the presence of the masculine and feminine genders in Units of Anaphoric
Reference cannot be considered exceptional.
This can be tested by attempting to move a phrase into a neighbouring clause with an anaphoric
verb, as shown in (1a, 1c).
(1) It is the case, for example, of a genderless narrator who speaks in the first-person singular and omits any anaphoric
reference to gender-marked pronouns.