The present case suggests that (1) the recommended oral antibiotic treatment for acute pharyngeal infections does not always prevent the progression of the disease into the life-threatening Lemierre's syndrome; (2) an anaerobic infection
and the Lemierre's syndrome should be suspected in patients affected by a pharyngotonsillitis with a severe and unusual course; (3) in these patients an empirical antibiotic therapy, active also against anaerobic microorganism, has to be started early; moreover, an imaging study of the neck, searching for jugular thrombophlebitis and parapharyngeal abscesses, should be obtained as soon as possible.
Other expert witnesses had speculated that the patient died from complications of an anaerobic infection
. In this laboratory, anaerobic cultures were processed in a functional backup incubator.
It was yellow, thick, and creamy, and a culture swab was taken of this for aerobic and anaerobic infection
. Each wound was opened further and the wound cavity was cleaned by pulse irrigation.
Microbiologists who lack a fluorescent microscope nevertheless can--through skillful interpretation of the initial Gram-stained material--alert physicians to a potentially serious anaerobic infection
. Anaerobic organisms often stain characteristically.
 (1987) report 86% patients had anaerobic infection
. Improved bacteriological methods may be said to be the reason for this high yield.
For example, hospitals in developing countries still routinely obtain and process anaerobic blood cultures, despite that a positive anaerobic blood culture often reflects an underlying anaerobic infection
(e.g., intra-abdominal sepsis or female genital tract infection) that already is clinically apparent or discernible (9,10).
Abscesses are often polymicrobial in nature involving both aerobic and anaerobic infection
In addition, thoracic radiography showed only bilateral diffuse pulmonary infiltrates, which was not suggestive of an anaerobic infection
based on one or more clinical clues suggestive of anaerobic infection
. Single sample was obtained from each patient amounting to total 58 samples from various sites.
It is classically due to anaerobic infection
and Fuso bacterium necrophorum is the most common pathogen (3).
Specimens including pus, soft tissue, abscess aspirates and body fluids received from consecutive patients with diverse anaerobic infections
Its pipeline includes three anti-infective programs: ATI-1501, a novel taste-masking technology applied in an oral suspension for the treatment for anaerobic infections
, ATI-1503, a novel antibiotic targeting drug-resistant Gram-negative infections, and ATI-1701, a vaccine reducing the threat of tularemia bioterrorism.
Targain et al., "Anaerobic infections
in surgical wards: a two-year study," Iranian Journal of Microbiology, vol.
Her research focuses on atypical pneumonia, vectorborne diseases, anaerobic infections
, probiotics, and metagenomics.
Spectrum and treatment of anaerobic infections
. J Infect Chemother 2016;22:1-13.