tRNA

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Synonyms for tRNA

RNA molecules present in the cell (in at least 20 varieties, each variety capable of combining with a specific amino acid) that attach the correct amino acid to the protein chain that is being synthesized at the ribosome of the cell (according to directions coded in the mRNA)

References in periodicals archive ?
9:30 INVESTIGATING TRNA CHANNELING BY AMINOACYL-TRNA SYNTHETASES AND ELONGATION FACTOR TU
In these 36 reports, contributors describe their most recent research in aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, the point in gene expression in which the genetic code is first defined.
Furthermore, the full complement of aminoacyl-tRNAs necessary for translation is not entirely formed by the aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (AARS).
To illustrate the power of matching against secondary structure predictions, we present a novel proposed protein alignment, found using this system, for the protein class of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases. The proposed alignment agrees with the few existing alignments based on primary sequence similarities (or homologies) where such are known, and predicts novel alignments for some enzymes having no known primary sequence similarities.
11:00 Size Identification of Aminoacyl-tRNA Synthetases from Plants
The existence of a complex of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases in plants is still in question.