tRNA

(redirected from aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical.
Graphic Thesaurus  🔍
Display ON
Animation ON
Legend
Synonym
Antonym
Related
  • noun

Synonyms for tRNA

RNA molecules present in the cell (in at least 20 varieties, each variety capable of combining with a specific amino acid) that attach the correct amino acid to the protein chain that is being synthesized at the ribosome of the cell (according to directions coded in the mRNA)

References in periodicals archive ?
EVALUATING THE INTERACTIONS BETWEEN AMINOACYL-tRNA SYNTHETASES AND ELONGATION FACTOR TU IN PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
About Physiocrines Physiocrines are produced from ancient genes, aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, which are an intercellular gene family involved in protein synthesis.
11:00 Size Identification of Aminoacyl-tRNA Synthetases from Plants
While the anti-fungal effect of the LeuRS protein inhibition by boron-containing compounds has been established by the clinical results seen for AN2690, other proteins from the same family, known as aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, are well-validated targets for antibiotic drug development.
Therefore, an RNA-only-based protein synthesis system would require a set of RNA molecules capable of synthesizing aminoacyl-RNAs, which are produced by the protein aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases in extant biology.
The Merck collaboration has focused on discovering novel compounds that inhibit the function of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases.
The focus of the collaboration will be to target specific aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, a family of 20 enzymes essential to the process of protein translation required for survival of all organisms.