In the same court he was amerced for causing damage estimated at three sheaves of beans in the lord's crop, but his amercement
was waived because he was, according to the roll, poor.
Encroachment of other lands was to be punished by a first amercement
(ranging from 48 to 96 panas).
Laster [1970, 76] stresses that the loss of restitution and its accompanying incentives, and the potential for amercement
for false accusation, meant that English citizens had to be "forced" into carrying out their policing functions.
27) The amercement
system allowed wrongdoers to buy back their "grace under the law" through payments to the Crown.
Usually the amount of his amercement
would be assessed by his peers in the king's court, but John would prefer to have the tenant buy his goodwill at exorbitant rates.
man shall have a larger amercement
imposed upon him, than his
However, if we look at what alewives charged and at the fines they had to pay, we realize that there is a connection between the price of a gallon and the amount of the amercement
, although such a connection varied over time.
In arguing that the help-ales of Wakefield would have excluded the poor, she seems to consider the following points to be self-evident: (a) that 'there is a connection between the price of a gallon and the amount of the amercement
' paid by commercial brewers; (b) that this same relationship must apply to amercements
levied on hosts of help-ales; (c) that she can therefore determine the prices charged at help-ales; and (d) that these prices will show both who could afford to attend help-ales and how many people attended these events.
In addition, the amercement
of John Caunceller shows that those who had exposed commodities for sale in the market were not allowed to withdraw them speculatively in the hope or expectation of higher prices later in the day.
Clause 20 extended at least a part of this protection to merchants and villeins, adding the protection that in all cases amercements
should only be fixed according to the testimony of reliable local men.
29, 39, 41, 45; see also Table of Fines, Forfeitures, Penalties and Amercements
, in 2 A COLLECTION OF All Such Acts OF THE General Assembly of Virginia of a Public and Permanent Nature as Have Passed Since the Session of 1801, app.
They did not object in principle to scutage, amercements
, fines and other demands for taxes, but John had increased the amounts significantly without consulting them, and his demands were administered arbitrarily and coercively.
casual profits from sale of wood, from amercements
(penalties) and copy-hold fines;
A little money was also needed for any money-rents or amercements
(fines) which might fall due.
Moreover, royal courts provided either reparation or capital punishment; the church courts offered excommunication, amercements
, at best the bishop's prison.