alpha particle

Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to alpha particle: Gamma particle
Graphic Thesaurus  🔍
Display ON
Animation ON
  • noun

Words related to alpha particle

a positively charged particle that is the nucleus of the helium atom

References in periodicals archive ?
Effects of alpha particle radiation on gene expression in human pulmonary epithelial cells.
1995; Samuels 1966) and the potential for a single alpha particle traversing a stem cell to induce chromosomal instability (Kadhim et al.
The extra mass increases the amount of damage alpha particles inflict on cancer cells.
5 billion years, which tells us that it does not decay rapidly and therefore that it does not emit many alpha particles per second.
The tower example is much more persuasive than the alpha particle examples.
210]Po alpha particle radiation has been measured as 82.
If a nitrogen nucleus absorbed an alpha particle with its charge of + 2 and lost a proton with its charge of + 1, the net change would leave the nitrogen nucleus with a total charge of + 8.
The bonds form a closed system, so one can assume that the alpha particle binding energy is the averaged binding energy of a link, since at destruction of a link the particle splits as a whole.
For that reason, MSL's scientists decided it would be a good test case for comparing the results obtained by two of the rover's scientific instruments, the Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS) and ChemCam, both of which are used to measure the chemical compositions of rocks, sediments, and minerals.
The rock's composition will be determined with the help of the arm-mounted Alpha Particle X-Ray Spectrometer and the mast-mounted, laser-zapping Chemistry and Camera Instrument.
He explores the interactions with matter and energetic particles, including photons, electrons, protons, alpha particles and neutrons with a variety of applications including photon and neutron cross sections, charged particle stopping powers, electron mean ranges and angular distributions, covering photons as they appear in long wavelengths and other configurations and as an element of photoelectric absorption, electrons, including in elastic scattering from and atom and in the case of collision energy loss, protons and heavier ions, including proton and alpha particle stopping powers in selected materials, and a range of topics on neutron interactions.
alpha]] is the propagation direction of the alpha particle, followed by ([alpha], n) reactions, can lead to false asymmetries in the CsI detectors, estimated at the 2 X [10.
Actinium Pharmaceuticals is engaged in the development and commercialization of alpha particle immunotherapeutics based on a unique patent position for the utilization of actinium-225 and bismuth-213.
2 MeV (an acknowledged overestimate because of the infinitely thick source geometry), we calculated a radiation dose rate averaged over a 50-[micro]m tissue thickness surrounding the implant (adequate to capture all of the alpha particle energy emitted by both uranium- and thorium-series isotopes) to be 4.
The scientists wrote: ``Our studies provide clear evidence that a single alpha particle can induce mutations and chromosome aberrations in cells that received no direct radiation exposure to their DNA.