It can be stated, then, that the task of cataloguing translator's notes as either authorial or allographic
paratexts is affected by the status bestowed on the translator and the translated text.
Indeed, one can argue that Levine's work is original insofar as it alters the nature of the representation from allographic
to autographic in Goodman's terminology.
In their respective responses, the rival continuators present two unique visions of the allographic
sequelist's qualifications to succeed the autographic originator, namely, Montemayor.
Thus, if one of the qualities of digital materials is to be allographic
, that is, to enable copying and manipulation and to be used in different ways and for different purposes, this aspect may need to be accommodated in the process of preservation.
In the House of Fame words miraculously take on the appearance of the man who spoke them, and so, analogously, does Caxton in his allographic
imitation and signature assume the persona of Chaucer within his print shop in order to end his poem: "And hath so verray his lyknesse/ That spak the word, that thou wilt gesse/ That it the same body be" (1079-1081).
Verbs belonging to the irregular paradigm could display the ending <-in> (together with its allographic
variants) or a vocalic alternation as a past participle marker.
Evidence from neuropsychological studies suggests that conceptually driven writing would involve the following processing levels: semantic activation, orthographic retrieval, allographic
and graphic motor encoding (see Bonin, 1997, for a review).
Of the first 267 patients who received allographic
transplants, 12% did not require insulin injections for more than 1 week, and 8% were insulin independent for longer than 1 year.
Here Scheffler explicitly adopts Goodman's theory of the relation between allographic
artworks and their instances.
But, Genette notes, allographic
arts like the latter two, though they depend on performance or on reproduction through such things as the printing press for their execution, originate in the "ideal object of immanence," the result of the unique autographic act of writing a novel or composing a score (Immamnence 17).
The proximate consequences are these: Goodman's distinction between autographic and allographic
art collapses--all art is autographic (to speak
The philosopher Nelson Goodman offers a way to think about the idea of authenticity in the arts: if a copy of an artwork does nor count as an instance of it, the artwork is autographic; if a copy does count as an instance, the artwork is allographic
Developed under the influence of Happenings, performance art, and institutional critique, this model privileges the actor's singular, bodily presence as opposed to the reproducible role, thereby emphasizing the autographic as opposed to allographic
component of performance.
Whether the work in question is allographic
(as in the case of a literary work, where any copy is an instance of it) or autographic (as in the case of a painting, where the physical object is identical with it), we have traditionally come to the question of the work with a series of assumptions: that the work is in some sense objective, standing over and apart from its maker and its perceivers and that, conversely, its histories of making and reception stand over and apart from its essential nature as a work; that the work has the potential to persist over time; and that it has an identity that sustains true descriptions of it (for example, that the Iliad is in hexameter).
An assertion that does not represent the communis opinio and therefore is out of place in a general treatment without at least a reference to the usual view is that the acute and grave accents of Greek are allographic
variants, both of which mark high pitch (p.