alkylating agent


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  • noun

Words related to alkylating agent

an antineoplastic drug used to treat some forms of cancer

References in periodicals archive ?
Those included were in-patients aged at least 18 years who had no communication problem, were using any of the agents leading to oral mucositis (alkylating agents such as busulfan, melphalan, cyclophosphamide that are used at high doses; antimetabolites such as methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil; antibiotics such as dactinomycin, adriamycin, bleomycin, and alkaloids such as vinblastine), and who had no oral mucositis and provided informed written consent.
Alkylating agents, specifically busulfan and melphalan, was reported to be associated with the development of FNH in preparation for bone marrow transplantation due to the formation of SOS [3 5].
We present three cases of SOS and highlight underlying risk factors for its development, such as impaired clearance of alkylating agents in patients with renal failure and prolonged infection.
Pyrrolo-[1, 2-a] imidazoles have been synthesized by diastereoselective of 1,3dipolar cycloaddition by using 4, 5-dihydroimidazolium ylides with an alkylating agent and base or more recently carbenoid insertion to dihydroimidazoles.
By tracking this observation, we discovered that if the original alkylating agent was omitted from the reaction, employing instead more than a stoichiometric amount of TEBAC, a clean transfer of a unique benzyl group took place.
One of the cytotoxic mechanisms of alkylating agents is their ability to generate free radicals and trigger oxidative stress in vivo [11].
Distribution of methyl and ethyl adducts following alkylation with monofunctional alkylating agents. Mutat.
Premature menopause and secondary malignancies--two LEs associated with the alkylating agent cyclophosphamide--were identified by only 71% and 62% of oncologists, respectively, along with 15% and 17%, respectively, of PCPs.
(12) This antibiotic is a potent alkylating agent. However, there has been a reported case of laryngeal carcinoma in a nonsmoking adult that might have been related to topical mitomycin C use.
Their topics include human biotransformation, analytical tools and approaches for metabolic identification in drug metabolism, the unanticipated loss of N2 from novel DNA alkylating agent laromustine by collision-induced dissociation, and strategies for detecting reactive intermediates in drug discovery and development.
(6) Dosages and regimens of chemotherapeutic agents have been published with different results and are usually derived from current small animal or human protocols, although most are based on an alkylating agent paired with prednisone.
The standard treatment has traditionally consisted of intermittent pulses of an alkylating agent and prednisone administered for 4 to 7 days every 4 to 6 weeks.
Currently, the drug is approved to treat the disease in patients that have been treated with an alkylating agent and have failed fludarabine therapy.
-- MB is a noncorrosive alkylating agent and does not damage food, furnishings, documents, or even sensitive electronic equipment.
TEMODAL (temozolomide) Capsule is an oral, cytotoxic alkylating agent indicated for treating glioblastoma multiforme (GBM).