alkali

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  • noun

Synonyms for alkali

any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water

a mixture of soluble salts found in arid soils and some bodies of water

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References in periodicals archive ?
Chemical durability showed that with gradual substitution of ZrO2 in glass, the resistance of the glass to chemical attack was increased and gradually reduced the extraction of alkali to a least value near to zero.
Alkali injuries are the most severe form of ocular chemical injury and can cause irreversible damage with lifelong ramifications.
The exclusion excluded liability for: "Damage to property arising out of the discharge, dispersal, release or escape of smoke, vapors, soot, fumes, acids, alkalis, toxic chemicals, liquids or gases, waste materials or other irritants, contaminants or pollutants...
Mendoza-Suarez, "Hydration products and reactivity of blast-furnace slag activated by various alkalis," Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol.
Chemcap activated carbon filters are not impregnated with hazardous chemicals, but rather with safe alternatives, and provide effective retention capacities for solvents (type OS), acids (type H+), and alkalis (type AM).
Philip Harris, an environmental health officer for Crawley, West Sussex, said: "Acid attack is a misnomer because strong alkalis are also used.
Of particular concern appears the amount of alkalis released from concrete aggregates that, according to laboratory leaching tests on aggregate samples, may significantly increase the alkali content of concrete [4, 5].
Based on their tests, Szeles, Wright, Rajabipour and Stoffels concluded pure hydrated alumina forestalled ASR by reducing pH and alkalis in concrete pore solution, consuming and reducing dissolved Ca and portlandite, and most of all, reducing silica dissolution and damage to aggregates at high pH.
Mandal, "Studies on interfacial behavior and wettability change phenomena by ionic and nonionic surfactants in presence of alkalis and salt for enhanced oil recovery," Applied Surface Science, vol.
Alkali Activated Cements and Concretes, Abingdon, UK: Taylor & Francis.
Alkali activation is the process of aluminosilicates dissolution in strongly alkaline solution, with a subsequent formation of aluminosilicate networks composed of Al[O.sub.4] and Si[O.sub.4] tetrahedrons.
Tholeiites form at lower pressures than alkali basalts, from higher percentages of decompression melting.