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  • noun

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a psychiatrist and specialist in the legal aspects of mental illness

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sly finger at those "testifying alienists" who try to engage
Thus, the term "alienist" is used, quite appropriately, when referring to the nineteenth century, rather than "psychiatrist," its twentieth-century replacement.
There were alienists, sociologists, prison wardens, prison doctors, the superintendent of a women's reformatory, a statistician, an Episcopal bishop, and lots of lawyers.
Using the language of the time, "the talking cure," "mad-doctors," "alienists," "moral treatments," "dangerous lunatics," etc., they open a window into an aspect of Irish life relatively obscured from popular view (Ireland had no Dickens).
Philippe Huneman's "Animal Economy" shows how the ideas of "animal economy" as reflected in the writings of vitalist physicians like Chambaud and Fouquet helped alienists like Pinel and Esquirol form a more scientific (medical and psychological) conception of mental illness, develop new forms of treatment, and eventually generate the new scientist-therapist role of the "psychiatrist." In "Metamorphoses and Settlement," Jonathan Lamb examines the "voyage literature" of Raynal and Crevecoeur and the on going debate as to whether American plants, animals, and peoples were more "degraded" (Raynal's view) or "superior" (Jefferson's view) to those in Europe, or simply a "New Frontier Breed" (Crevecoeur's view) shaped by the climate, soil, customs, and institutions of America.
Their perspectives include orientalism and occidentalism, Adam Smith's ethnographic sources of economic progress, the German Enlightenment and the Pacific, and the rise of psychiatry from the Encyclopedie to the alienists.
In Germany and France, the formation of alienists included neurological training and this facilitated the use of the term 'neuropsychiatrist'.
Furthermore, juries were remarkably inconsistent in their response to the alienists' diagnoses.
William Healy, one of Darrow's expert witnesses or "alienists," suggested this same division in Loeb's character, classifying him as a "pathological split personality" (Higdon 217), a strange combination of brutal killer and mama's boy who at one point explained that he blamed his partner for the murder because "mompsie" (Leopold 57) would be disappointed if he were revealed as the killer.
(10) For the physicians caring for the mentally ill (known as alienists), ultimately the question was: Would public and private benefactors financially support the area of experimental pathology applied to psychiatric research?
The audience which turned up the following afternoon, which included alienists of various sorts, were undismayed by the change of topic and enthusiastic in offering various solutions to my problem.
This admirably collaborative volume examines the lives of seven mad-doctors, or "alienists," as they preferred to be titled.
He introduced psychiatrists - 'alienists' as they were called then - to present different points of view and in his summation to the judge - there was no jury - he spoke for 12 hours extemporaneously, with no notes.'
Multiple personality possibly has a longer history than Hacking allows - his own comments on Lateau indicate that prior to hysteria, multiplicity was associated with religious trance possessions and hallucinatory psychosis diagnosed by alienists (cf.
(In the 1840s, however, southern alienists anticipated the DSM-IV by discovering a malady called Drapetomania -- the inexplicable, mad longing of a slave for freedom.) The 1880 census obligingly followed the march of science by listing no fewer than seven categories of dementia: mania, melancholia, monomania, paresis, dementia (again), dipsomania, and epilepsy.