The inventions, which are displayed with the help of hologram technology, include the camera obscura of al-Haytham
, astrolabe, surgical tools, turbine of Hassan al-Jarrah and water-raising machine of Al Jazari.
The Hierarchy of Being' is ultimately a celebration of the achievements of two Arab Muslim scientists, Ibn Al-Haytham
and Al-Jazari, who were both active during the peak of the Golden Age and this project synthesises their advances in the fields of optics and kinetic motion while bringing my own photographic and technological practice into the work.
Several well-known Muslim scholars are discussed, including Hunayn ibn Ishaq, Ibn al-Haytham
(who is missing from the index), Ibn al-Nafis, Ibn Sind, al-Khwarizmi, al-Kindi, and al-RAzi, but there are also articles dealing with textual genres, schools of thought, institutions, particular sciences, and specific texts.
As part of the festival, the American University in Cairo will bring attention to the great Egyptian scholar Al-Hassan Ibn Al-Haytham
(known in the West as Al-Hazen) and other scholars of his era with an exhibit illustrating their contributions to science.
It is this very tradition and thrust that provides the historical context for the work of the redoubtable Ibn al-Haytham
(Latin Alhacen, d.
Another inventor is the tenth century optician and physicist Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham
, simply known as al-Haytham
, who invented the pinhole camera and discovered how the eye works.
Other contributions were: the suggestion by Biruni that the Milky Way is a collection of many nebulous stars, optical writings by ibn al-Haytham
laying the foundations for telescopic astronomy, and the first elaborate experiments in astronomy.
We can claim brilliant doctors, scientists, physicists and mathematicians such as Ibn Sina, Ibn al-Haytham
, Jabir Ibn-Hayyan and Al-Kindi.
Europe would never have emerged from the tyranny and obscurantism of the Catholic Church if Arabs like Ibn Rushd and Al-Hasan Ibn Al-Haytham
had not preserved and passed on the knowledge contained in classical Greek texts.
Ibn Sina also puts forward a new theory developed by optics specialist Ibn al-Haytham
About 1000 years ago the properties of a shaft of light entering a darkened room were discussed in detail by the renowned Arab physicist and mathemetician, Ibn al-Haytham
Indeed, the experimental scientific method, the basis of all modern technological advancement, came from the work of Hassan ibn Al-Haytham
a thousand years ago.
Tiba International Company, Ibn Al-Haytham
Medical Foundation, Qatar Pharmacy, Doha Drug Store and Massar Medical, are the firms that have received approval to import drugs.
Ibn Ridwan's copy of Ibn al-Haytham
's work, lacking as it does any record of teaching and licensing, is no more than the work of a scribe (we should note also that Ibn al-Haytham
was an older contemporary of Ibn Ridwan and like him in Cairo; the biographers would find it odd that there is no such license in such fortuitous circumstances).
The paper presents extracts from from three astronomical Latin texts of the fourteenth and the fifteenth centuries that suggest planetary models identical to those of of Ibn al-Haytham