Thus the chronicler al-Budayri reported (1745) that the local Janissaries were openly mocking the governor, As'ad Pasha al-'Azm, as "Lady Sa'diyya" (the feminine form of his name).
Following the death of Sulayman Pasha al-'Azm (1743), an emissary from Istanbul ordered the confiscation of the deceased governor's estate.
Closely watching the recent developments in al-Da'wa's discourses, we can observe a symbolic example in a dispute between the Political Bureau of the party and al-'Asifi in 1998, and victory of the former over the latter.
Muhammad Mahdi al-'Asifi, the party's spokesman residing in Iran, announced his bay'a (=allegiance) to Khamenei in his discussion on wilayat 'amr in his latest book.
(3.) Tantawi Jawhari, al-Jawahir fi Tafsir al-Qur'an al-Karim al-Mushtamil 'ala al-'Aja'b, 26 vols.
Yusuf al-Qaradawi's guarded acceptance of the notion of i'jaz 'ilmi, Yusuf al-Qaradawi, Al-'Aql wa-l-'Ilm fi-l-Qur'an al-Karim (Cairo: Maktabat Wahbah, 1416/1996.
Interview with the Actress Zainab entitled, "Tammuz fi Dhakirat al-Masrah" (July in the Memory of the Theater), Al-Thaqafa al-Jadida, 115-16, on the flourishing of the Iraqi theater after the 1958 Revolution and the persecution of theater professionals after the 1963 coup d'etat; see also, the interview with the actress Nahida al-Rammah entitled, "Hikayat Nahaida al-Rammah ma'a-1 Masrah al-'Iraqi" (The Story of Nahida al-Rammah with the Iraqi Theater), alThaqafa al-Jadida, 127 (January 1981): 111, and 114-15.
Paul Shawool, Al-Masrah al-'Arabi al-Hadith (Arab Modern Theater) (London: Riad El-Rayyes, 1989), 278.
And beginnings are closed (Yusuf, al-'Amal al-Kamila, 62).(4)
O, the beautiful girl of the steppes and look The face of the little one whose hair is blonde is red Then, go to bed, my beautiful girl of the steppes go to bed go to bed (al-'Amal al-Kamila, 225)(6)
As Mustafa al-'Umari, the justice minister, once said to C.J.
Ahmad al-Sharabasi, Shakib Arslan Da'iyat al-'Uruba wa al-Islam (Beirut: Dar al-Jil, 1978), 37; Fritz Grobba, Manner and Machte im Orient: 25 Jahre Diplomatischier Tatigkeit im Orient (Gottingen: Mussterschmitt, 1967), 270; William Cleveland, Islam Against the West: Shakib Arslan and the Campaign for Islamic Nationalism (Austin: Texas University Press, 1985), 40-3 and 139-44.
See also: al-Sayyid 'Iliwa, "al-Tahdid al-Irani Li al-Amn al-Qawmi al-
'Arabi" ("The Iranian Threat to Arab National Security"), al-Bahith al-
'Arabi, no.13, October-December 1987, (in Arabic), p.
Fahmi al-Huwaidi, Muhammad Salim al-
'Awwa, Muhammad 'Amara, and Yusuf al-Qaradawi, 'Qira'at li Hal al-
'Umma, Al-Mu'tamar al-Islami al-
'Arabi, Beirut, 10-12 October 1994, pp.
The city state of Madina, which the Prophet ruled, had come into being as a "military, political and social contract" (bay'at al-
'aqaba), an agreement between him and seventy-five personalities of the Aws and Khazraj tribes.