Creating a system for measuring and analyzing air pollution
substances is therefore a priority.
Authors pointed out that exactly how air pollution
might restrict fetal growth is not clear, and its effects may differ between women with complicated and uncomplicated pregnancies.
The WHO describes air pollution
as a 'major environment-related health threat to children and a risk factor for both acute and chronic respiratory disease', pointing out that when infants and pre-schoolers are exposed to air pollution
and second-hand smoke, they have an increased risk of pneumonia in childhood, and a lifelong increased risk of chronic respiratory diseases, such as asthma.
UNICEF points to satellite imagery which it says confirms that about two billion children live in areas where outdoor air pollution
exceeds minimum air quality guidelines set by the World Health Organization.
levels of outdoor air pollution
- exceeding six times international guidelines.
Major sources of air pollution
include inefficient modes of transport, household fuel and waste burning, coal-fired power plants, and industrial activities.
More and more cities are monitoring air pollution
now, satellite data is more comprehensive, and we are getting better at refining the related health estimates.
As such, various organizations are joining forces and combining their efforts to raise awareness on the adverse effects of air pollution
to people's health.
The sources of air pollution
can be classified into five major categories i.
Storey, corresponding author of the paper, said: "More than 3 million deaths worldwide are caused by air pollution
In particular, the new data reveal a stronger link between both indoor and outdoor air pollution
exposure and cardiovascular diseases, such as strokes and ischaemic heart disease, as well as between air pollution
The facility is a 'major' source of air pollution
, however, under the Clean Air Act," Arcaute said.
But air pollution
blocks radiation only in the daytime, he notes.
We found that the combination of air pollution
and diet had a dramatic effect on plaque formation, leading to inflammation and heart disease.
Levy acknowledges that "reasonable assumptions could double or halve" his estimates of deaths due to Bowen's air pollution