Thus, young juveniles should be restricted to sheltered areas by their intolerance of desiccation and air exposure
despite their ability to move around, as seen for the mussel Mytilus trossulus (Jenewein and Gosselin, 2013) and the snail Nucella emarginata (Gosselin and Chia, 1995).
Low resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images of (a) pristine NPs, (b) NPs alkalized for 60 days with air exposure
, and (c) NPs alkalized for 60 days without air exposure
A stress of air exposure
to abalone commonly occurs during size grading and transporting of abalone, and cleaning of shelters.
Half (by weight) of the contents were discarded and the rest of the material was loosened, returned to the barrel, and kept uncovered during air exposure
. The temperatures of ambience and materials were automatically monitored at 1-h intervals by a thermocouple wire connected to a data logger (DT85 series2; Data Taker; Melbourne, Australia) and aerobic deterioration was considered to have occurred if the temperature difference between the materials and ambience reached 2[degrees]C (Nishino et al., 2004).
Peritoneal air exposure
is a common clinical phenomenon in abdominal surgery, impacting the patients' well-being after open abdominal operation.
No differences between the control groups were detected at any time during ambient air exposure
; therefore, we chose the 30-day air-exposure group as a control.
The present study was designed to investigate whether peritoneal air exposure
leads to intestinal mucosal barrier damage and whether this effect is related to the duration of peritoneal air exposure
under experimental conditions mimicking clinical operation room atmosphere.
Pac et al., "Prenatal ambient air exposure
to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and the occurrence of respiratory symptoms over the first year of life," European Journal of Epidemiology, vol.
To decrease the time of air exposure
, we attempted to increase the flow of the heat-transfer fluid.
The study, 'The Impact of Intermittent Air Exposure
on Lipid Deposition,' appears in the November issue of Optometry and Vision Science.
The 2-Box Indoor Air Dispersion Model is a computational, indoor environment, air exposure
model that characterizes the movement of a single chemical inside two connected, enclosed rooms.
The planter is designed with a built-in fan to circulate air around the root system to maximize air exposure
to the toxin-eating microbes.
In another study, house dust mite (HDM) sensitive individuals underwent airway challenge with HDM antigen after ozone exposure and after air exposure
. As seen in Figure 11, after ozone exposure, the concentration of HDM needed to cause a 20% fall in [FEV.sub.1] was reduced compared to the air exposure
, suggesting that people with asthma would have a greater response to environmental levels of HDM following ozone exposure.
marmoratus must find refuge in moist habitats such as under detritus and inside decaying logs (2), (6) or they will die after a few hours of air exposure
if in a dry habitat (7, Grove, personal observation).
Today's solder pastes are far more robust in that respect and can certainly withstand significantly more air exposure
before drying out.