Thirty-two similar-sized individuals (260-400 g live mass) were selected from each adult population and individuals were tagged and assigned to one of eight air exposure
treatments, ranging in duration from 0 to 5 days (Table 1).
001) while the WSC concentration largely decreased during air exposure
(p < 0.
Influence of cold air exposure
on ovigerous red king crabs (Paralithodes camtschatica) and Tanner crabs (Chionoecetes bairdi) and their offspring.
The experimental design used was entirely randomized in a 2 x 7 factorial scheme with 2 treatments (repeated air exposures
) and 7 sampling times (before the air exposure
or control and 5, 15, 30 and 60 min.
To identify differential gene expression after ozone, we normalized transcripts to air exposure
within each genotype.
For the air exposure
treatment, batches of 200-250 scallops were removed from the holding tank at a time and were air exposed for approximately 40 min, during which time they were measured and tagged.
Catches were subjected to similar mean durations of air exposure
during the 15-min conventional-tray (> 20 min) and all water-tray (< 2 min) treatments during both experiments.
The resulting close temperature control minimizes the chances of overheating and the insulated covers reduce air exposure
, both of which reduce the percentage of melt lost through oxidation and increasing crucible life.
As devices shrink and IC manufacturers' requirements become more stringent, this unrivaled method of etching and rinsing in a single immersion tank increases yield and lowers costs by eliminating wafer defects generated by air exposure
between traditional etch and rinse tanks.
All exposure groups were compared with filtered air exposure
However, the physiological stress associated with extended air exposure
can be irreversible if the animals are weakened and cannot reestablish homeostasis.
Forced swimming in combination with net abrasion and air exposure
did not increase reflex impairment or mortality above that associated with air exposure
The company purchased new monitoring and calibration equipment to upgrade facility lead in air exposure
Sixteen participants were assigned to receive 3 g/day (three 1-g capsules daily) of marine-derived n-3 FA (fish oil; FO), and 13 participants received 3 g/day (three 1-g capsules daily) of olive oil (00) for 28 days before the filtered air exposure
However, this observed destabilization of the lysosomal membrane might also be the result of a combination effect with other environmental factors such as water temperature changes, air exposure
, salinity fluctuations, and similar.