with the most recent additions being Idaho and Maryland, both of which introduced similar agnation
[9.] Statistical Affairs of Ardabil Province, 2006, Management and programming agnation
, Negin edit.
As we shall see below, Davidse's work on the notions of agnation
and enation as two complementary types of systemic relationships provides a further systemic basis for the metafunctional layering in SFG.
In fifteenth-century Portugal, by contrast, fuzzy practices rendered exclusionary and hierarchical institutions like kinship and property permeable to women, such that upper-class concubines could legalize their possession of crown goods despite the newly formulated law of agnation
, and mothers were able to legitimize their adulterous offspring for the purpose of inheritance.
After charting the history of this group's status, social organization, and kinship patterns during the colonial and post-Independence periods, he concludes that the Santal-Munda have actually strengthened the basis of their social structure, "including the principle of patrilineality, the exogamy of clans, the institution of agnation
, the legitimation of the secular head by the sacral head in the villages, the prohibition of adoption and the dislike of the 'house bridegroom' marriage, the exclusion of women in bonga [spirit] worship, land rights, etc." (p.
The third recurring issue in struggles between adjacent generations of lineal descendants related to the principle of agnation
, a principle that is reflected in the definition of terms such as walad and `aqib.