congenital disorder

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Related to agnathia: Archaeopteris, prognathia
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Synonyms for congenital disorder

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Frequency percentages of particular anomalies observed in dimethoate treated 'desi' chick embryos Anomalies Treated embryos 0.30% 0.60% 0.9% 1.2% Agnathia 08.69 11.11 18.18 28.57 Microcephaly 04.34 05.55 18.18 28.57 Abnormal colouration 04.34 - - - Microphthalmia 04.34 11.11 18.18 28.57 Anophthalmia 04.34 05.55 09.09 14.28 Hematoma 04.34 16.66 09.09 14.28 Meromelia 08.69 11.11 18.18 - Edema 17.39 05.55 09.09 14.28 Short neck 04.34 11.11 18.18 14.28 Omphalocelle 04.34 05.55 09.09 14.28 Micromelia - - 27.27 42.85 Exencephaly - 11.11 18.18 - Amelia - - 18.18 14.28 Twisted beak - 05.55 - 14.28
This is shown in studies conducted in mouse embryos, where expression of BMP-4 and their antagonists was blocked presenting cell death of mesenchymal cells of the mandibular base causing agnathia (9,40).
The relationship of the size and position of the mandible body with respect to the maxilla allowed diagnosing micrognathia and agnathia (Figure 1(b1)).
Deformities observed in dose group 6.0 [micro]g/g BW were kyphosis (2.7%), hindlimb dysplasia (2.4%), agnathia (5.7), open eyelid (2.4%), Clubbed feet (7.0%), hydrocephaly (4.9%).
A case report of the agnathia holoprosencephaly complex and a review of the literature related to the complex genetic and embryologic aetiology of this group of major birth defects of face and central nervous system are informed.