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Words related to affrication

the conversion of a simple stop consonant into an affricate

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References in periodicals archive ?
Pak, Tae-Yong 1972 "Position and affrication in Northumbrian Old English", Linguistics 82: 52-62.
In the clinical management of phonological disorders, most of the attention is paid to the specific phonological processes, such as fronting, backing, and affrication. However, when working with foreign language-influenced English, much of the attention has to focus on the minute differences in placement of the articulators and manner of articulation.
Based on articulatory and spectrographic analyses, Haeri distinguished frication (weak palatalization) and affrication (strong palatalization) of dental stops /t, d, T, D, tt, dd/ next to palatal sounds.
That is, motivated by prestige and upward mobility, lower class women try to imitate the speech of the upper class but miss the target and end up with affrication rather than frication.
The phonetically conditioned allophones of /g/ and /k/ are g and c respectively, but--as is commonplace in Bedouin dialects--the affrication has not always been applied.
t [right arrow] ts /--i Korean (Kim 2001) affrication [t.sup.h] [right arrow] [ts.sup.] / --i c.
The affrication of the voiceless velar stop occurs in back vowel environments, making this phenomenon different from the restricted front vowel environments of other Arabic dialects: duhc, "laughter" < duhk (p.
Work in large urban centres such as Liverpool, Newcastle and Cardiff shows that, although these places are adopting some nationwide features such as labio-dental /r/, /t/-glottaling and TH-fronting, they also demonstrate independent divergent developments, such as voiceless-stop affrication in Liverpool and, from my own work, the fronting of the GOAT-vowel from [u:] to [u:], the widespread smoothing of triphthongs as in doing /d[LANGUAGE NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]m/, knowing /n[LANGUAGE NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]:m/, and the merger of the vowels of NEAR and SQUARE in Norwich.
Substitutions by letter-name represented the most frequently occurring pattern (25.1%), followed by affrication or deaffrication of the target consonant letter (23.5%) and vowel deviations (22.1%).
(16.) Notice that to correctly derive the forms fondazione, spedizione, etc., a further morphonological rule of affrication /t/ [right arrow] /ts/ in front of the suffix -ione must be assumed in Scalise's approach.
Clive Holes, "Kashkasha and the Fronting and Affrication of the Velar Stops Revisited: A Contribution to the Historical Phonology of the Peninsular Arabic Dialects" (pp.
For instance, palatalization on coronals or velars easily gives rise to affrication, with concomitant shift to palato-alveolar place of articulation.