However, Yuill sees a limit to how far Nixon was willing to go with affirmative action
: Nixon's support of affirmative action
was less about undoing the systemic problems that plagued the economic and employment aspirations of African Americans, and more about compensating those who had been harmed by the system.
public universities have eliminated their affirmative action
While voters in Nebraska approved a ban on race-based affirmative action
at the polls, Coloradoans voted down a similar ban this past November.
Historical trends in the United States have shown that in comparison with increasing levels of support for other race-targeted policies (eg, desegregation of schools and neighbourhoods), there is consistent widespread opposition to affirmative action
among whites (Schuman et al 1997, Krysan 1998).
The ban effectively rolls back the clock on employment, education, and government contracting, says David Waymire, spokesman for One United Michigan, a coalition of more than 200 organizations in support of affirmative action
, including the AFL-CIO, the NAACP, and the American Civil Liberties Union.
In Seattle, 23-year-old lesbian and University of Washington graduate student Chelsea Jennings is among the gay affirmative action
Even if the Court should reject affirmative action
, that would not invalidate existing lawsuits that are based on claims of unconstitutional racial segregation.
According to Gratz, she picked up the phone after losing that fight and called Ward Connerly, the former University of California Regent who spearheaded Prop 209, which banned affirmative action
from California state colleges in 1996.
Yet I just don't agree with many politicians, writers, lawyers, and think tankers on the right who equate their opposition to government affirmative action
with adherence to the rigid principle that racial and ethnic groups exhibit no important differences and merit no differential consideration or treatment at any time by anyone.
But this isn't the only thing that bothers him about affirmative action
Using the affirmative action
model to make it easier for some students to get into elite schools (necessarily making it harder for others) will bother many.
Sowell is right to remind the advocates of affirmative action
that it is not enough that they present philosophical arguments for affirmative action
; rather, they must also show that it does what it is supposed to do, and without unacceptable costs.
Bollinger (2003) resolved a controversial debate concerning the use of affirmative action
at selective admission institutions.
With this year's legislature convening last month, and affirmative action
proponents throughout the state expecting proposed anti-affirmative action
legislation to be filed and debated at the Capitol, I thought it was appropriate to remember the governor's quote since it surprised me when I heard him say it.
The affirmative action
debate challenges us to consider who really counts as an American and who we are to be as a nation.