Astikainen, "N170 response to facial expressions is modulated by the affective congruency
between the emotional expression and preceding affective picture," Biological Psychology, vol.
A priming procedure with faces as primes and words as targets was employed, with prime-target affective congruency being the within-subjects factor.
The two experiments here reported explored the affective priming, or affective congruency effect, with pictures of facial expressions of emotions as primes and affectively positive or negative words as targets.
Where wives are the caregivers, although more than half express positive affective congruency, this figure drops by a third to 56.7%.
As shown in Table 1, the vast majority of dyads in which the caregiver reports receiving the most help from family or friends (rather than relying on professionals or paid help) are also more likely to reveal affective congruency.