cellular respiration

(redirected from aerobic respiration)
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  • noun

Synonyms for cellular respiration

the metabolic processes whereby certain organisms obtain energy from organic molecules

References in periodicals archive ?
"Nobody ever thought that the concentrations of dissolved oxygen needed for aerobic respiration could theoretically exist on Mars," adds JPL's Vlada Stamenkoviyc, lead author of the Nature Geoscience paper.
A previous study showed that mitochondrial dysfunction in aging leads to a metabolic shift from aerobic respiration to glycolytic metabolism in the brain, and increased lactate levels were detected in the hippocampus of aging mice.[12] Lactate level is a marker for anaerobic metabolism.
High oxLDL studies exhibited increases in metabolism signifying an increase in aerobic respiration, which is a hallmark of oxidative burst.
To evaluate the effect of pC[O.sub.2] on protein metabolism, the aerobic respiration of coral recruits exposed to ambient and high pC[O.sub.2] was measured with and without emetine.
We examined whether the significant up-regulation of aerobic respiration machinery co-occurred with altered mitochondrial fission/fusion dynamics.
rate of anaerobic and aerobic respiration, and the tolerable duration of
Cellular integrity depends on the uninterrupted delivery of O2 to sustain aerobic respiration because O2 storage systems are lacking.
They engage in aerobic respiration just like you or me, but they have huge pumping rates and very high metabolic rates.
In addition, eukaryotes are only capable of respiring on oxygen (glucose + [O.sub.2] [right arrow] C[O.sub.2] + [H.sub.2]O), called aerobic respiration. When oxygen is not present, eukaryotes can perform the less efficient fermentation reactions.
This level of oxygen ensures that aerobic respiration can occur at a rate to produce sufficient energy compounds (primarily ATP) necessary for life.
This property of SDH suggests a pivotal role for this enzyme in aerobic respiration. 3NP is an irreversible inhibitor of SDH.
In oxygenated waters, microbes grow by catabolizing organic molecules via aerobic respiration; under conditions of low oxygen availability, either in water mass or in microsites of intense microbial activity, nitrate and sulfate may be used as alternate terminal electron acceptors via anaerobic respiration.
Some oxygen species are produced in keratinocytes by specific enzymes and aerobic respiration. The body fights back by generating antioxidants including enzymes (dismutase, catalase), extracellular (vitamin E, ascorbate, carotenes), metal complexation/(ferritine, ceruloplasmine) and naturals (flavonoids).
Once a stayer goes past this threshold, he switches to aerobic respiration, using oxygen to help to maintain his speed.