This stress model is reported to increase plasma adrenocorticotrophic
hormone (ACTH) and cortisol levels .
Another potential opioid-induced immunosuppression pathway is the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis: the corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH) stimulates the anterior part of the pituitary gland to produce adrenocorticotrophic
hormone (ACTH), which, in turn, activates the adrenal cortex to produce glucocorticoids.
Adrenal Insufficiency (AI) may be caused by destruction or dysfunction of the adrenal gland (primary AI, Addison's disease), deficient pituitary adrenocorticotrophic
hormone (ACTH) secretion (secondary AI), or deficient hypothalamic secretion of corticotropic releasing hormone (CRH) (tertiary AI).
Miller et al., "Ectopic production of antidiuretic hormone (ADH), adrenocorticotrophic
hormone (ACTH) and beta-melanocyte stimulating hormone ([beta]-MSH) by an oat cell carcinoma of the lung," The American Journal of Medicine, vol.
Treatment with single-agent abiraterone results in deficient glucocorticoid synthesis and consequently leads to a compensatory upregulation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) with raised levels of adrenocorticotrophic
hormone (ACTH) .
Misztal, "Suckling and salsolinol attenuate responsiveness of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis to stress: focus on catecholamines, corticotrophin-releasing hormone, adrenocorticotrophic
hormone, cortisol and prolactin secretion in lactating sheep," Journal of Neuroendocrinology, vol.
In patients without RA an increase in inflammatory cytokine levels, trigger a release of hypothalamic corticotrophin releasing hormone, followed by pituitary production of adrenocorticotrophic
hormone, and glucocorticoid secretions by adrenal cortex.
This, in turn, stimulates the pituitary gland to release adrenocorticotrophic
Adenohypophyseal hormones (luteinizing hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, adrenocorticotrophic
hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, prolactin, GH were obtained from the cases with ICL lesions and chemiluminescence method was used in evaluation (10).
All patients with adrenal gland mass, with mass other than AG, endocrine disorders which could cause AG hyperplasia, high levels of adrenocorticotrophic
hormone, patients with any reason to complicate AG assessment on images, such as the ones with inadequate imaging technique or movement during imaging, and those in which lateral branch of the RAG were not observed clearly due to liver vicinage were excluded from the study.
Elevated aldosterone and cortisol secondary to raised adrenocorticotrophic
hormone secreted by the pituitary gland leads to increased water absorption in the kidneys.
Kay, "Affective and adrenocorticotrophic
responses to photoperiod in Wistar rats," Journal of Neuroendocrinology, vol.
After being stimulated, neurons of the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus release corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), which will be transported by hypothalamic-pituitary portal circulation and stimulate pituitary corticotroph cells to cleave proopiomelanocortin (POMC) in adrenocorticotrophic
hormone (ACTH) .
The comparative results of the serum physiological and biochemical indices in balanced and Yang deficiency constitutions showed marked elevation of cAMP/cGMP, I B IL-IB, and thyroid stimulating hormone in Yang deficiency constitution, and significant reduction of adrenocorticotrophic
hormone, cGMP, and FT4.
Ghrelin has a role in both endocrine (e.g., the release of prolactin and adrenocorticotrophic
hormone) and non-endocrine (e.g., stimulating gastric acid secretion and intestinal motility) functions (2,3).