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an adjective used as a noun

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As a result, Flemings cannot reliably infer a noun's adnominal gender by reflecting on how they would refer to it pronominally.
In the two sets of forms, the adnominal phrase consisting of a noun, pronoun, adjective, adverb, quantifier, particle, postposition as well as participle ([phrase omitted] 2011 : 45-54; Rueter 2010 : 129-131; [phrase omitted] 1961 : 354-355) may occur with an indefinite or possessive case marker, cf.
Kryz (NE Caucasian) is claimed to have adnominal agreement (in gender) only on certain numerals (Authier 2009: 50ff.), but the author himself shows that there is also agreement in gender on possessive pronouns.
These would not be relative clauses in the traditional sense in that they are not adnominal modifiers (a role filled in Misantla by the determiner-headed constructions seen in (51) above), but it seems like a very small step, both semantically and syntactically, between the use of constructions like these in the more restrictive context (complement of a specifc type of verb) to a less restricted use as an argument of verbs in general, making them the functional equivalent of headless relative clauses in sentences like the Upper Necaxa example in (18) above.
Inadvertent enterotomy in minimally invasive adnominal surgery.
There also exists a second construction in which the participle is what Declerck (1982: 16-17) and Felser (1999: 68-71) call a "free adjunct", meaning something like: 'He saw two brothers, as they were casting a net.' Finally, Declerck identifies a third construction in which the participle acts as a kind of adnominal modifier, or "pseudo-modifier," closer in meaning to: 'He saw two brothers who were casting a net (4)'.
In Pima, as Smith explains, D-quantifiers are not determiners; they are adnominal expressions that may occur within the determiner phrase.
Among the topics are number and numberlessness in languages with and without articles, the Turkish noun phrase, reduced definite articles with restrictive relative clauses, the semantics and syntax of Japanese adnominal demonstratives, definiteness marking in modern Martinike, and acquiring the expression of genericity in English and Brazilian Portuguese.
Nesse poema de Carlos Pena Filho, no entanto, o azul aparece de inicio como adjunto adnominal (adjetivo) da palavra "desmantelo", assim o azul normalmente associado a sossego e calmaria, aparece ligado ao seu contrario, o que caracteriza um paradoxo, tambem encontrado nos versos do primeiro terceto, no qual se percebe um esquecimento: o eu-lirico esquecera que no azul tambem ha cansaco.