CC, C57 control group; CE, C57 exercise group; AC, Apo[E.sup.-/-] control group; AE, Apo[E.sup.-/-] exercise group; GAPDH, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase; AdipoRl, adiponectin receptor 1; PPAR[alpha], peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha; AMPK, adenosine monophosphate
activated protein kinase; PAMPK, phosphorylated adenosine monophosphate
activated protein kinase.
Royal jelly has been found to promote neurogenesis of neural stem cells in vitro, and contains adenosine monophosphate
N1-oxide, which facilitates astrogenesis.
CD39 is an ectoenzyme that hydrolyzes ATP and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) into adenosine monophosphate
(AMP) and is localized on the surface of endothelial cells and circulating platelets.
Forskolin activates an enzyme called adenylate cyclase, the main enzyme involved in the production of a significant metabolic molecule called adenosine monophosphate
(AMP), which is responsible for enhancing essential lean mass-building hormones at the expense of non-essential body fat.
A team including researchers from McGill University, Concordia University and the Canadian Light Source (CLS) synchrotron have used crystallography to confirm a 50-year-old hypothesis: chains of the nucleotide adenosine monophosphate
(AMP) can form a double helix structure.
The former leads to an increase in cyclic adenosine monophosphate
and the latter to hyperpolarization, both of which result in relaxation.
AMP/ATP ratio: Ratio of adenosine monophosphate
(AMP) to adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in the cell; ATP supplies the energy needed for many biochemical reactions; therefore, the AMP/ATP ratio reflects the cell's energy level.
Also used were commercial Morton[R] salt; KCl; a combination of KCl and adenosine monophosphate
(AMP); and their prototype, which contained KCl, AMP and arginine.
But PAP, which produces adenosine by breaking down adenosine monophosphate
, or AMP, lasts a long time and can continue churning out adenosine as long as it has a supply of AMP.
This device is thought to act by targeted stimulation of fibroblastic mitochondrial metabolic activity and, thereby, raising the pH, activating cyclic adenosine monophosphate
(cAMP), and increasing DNA/RNA synthesis., concomitant upregulation of procollagen and downregulation of matrix metalloproteinase.7
Glucagon causes an intracellular increase in cyclic adenosine monophosphate
(cAMP) levels by mechanisms independent of b adrenergic agents.
(Mercury), a privately held biotech company based in Woburn, Massachusetts focusing on the development of novel therapeutics for type 2 diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular disease, announce the signature of an exclusive license agreement for the development and commercialisation of Debio 0930, a small molecule activator of AMPK (adenosine monophosphate
activated protein kinase) for the treatment of diabetes and metabolic diseases.
There is substantial evidence that pigment dispersion in shrimp red chromatorphores is mediated by activation of the cyclic adenosine monophosphate
(cAMP) cascade (see cyclic adenosine monophosphate
(cAMP) cascade (see Nery et al., 1998).
The pharmacologic effects of a beta 2-adrenoceptor agonist drugs stimulate adenyl cyclase to cyclic 3'5' adenosine monophosphate
"The production of cyclic adenosine monophosphate
(cAMP) by mitogen-stimulated peripheral CD4+ T-cells using the ImmuKnow assay has previously be shown to have utility in the management of several forms of organ transplantation," stated Dr.