Benign paratesticular lesions include adenomatoid
tumours, spermatoceles, cystadenomas, hydroceles, hernias, vericoceles, calculi, polyorchidism, neurofibroma, tunic fibroma, and leiomyoma, while malignant lesions include liposarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, mesothelioma, and papillary serous tumours.
Congenital cystic adenomatoid
malformation is an embrionic developmental disorder characterized by cystic enlargement and overgrowth of terminal bronchioles which are surrounded by various epithelial cells.
We report a case of epididymal adenomatoid
tumor diagnosed on aspiration cytology, which was confirmed on histopathology and immunohistochemistry.
Of four cases with cardiac malposition due to extracardiac anomalies, one had congenital diaphragmatic hernia and other had cystic adenomatoid
In congenital cystic adenomatoid
malformation, an absence of bronchial cartilage leads to air trapping.
A thoraco-amniotic shunt may be indicated to treat a primary pleural effusion or a large cyst in a congenital cystic adenomatoid
Other causes of respiratory distress in a neonate (1,4) Diagnosis Diaphragmatic hernia Usually diagnosed prenatally Pulmonary agenesis / hypoplasia Congenital cystic adenomatoid
malformation (CCAM) / sequestrated segment Congenital lobar emphysema Cardiac failure / left to right shunt / Delayed diagnosis congenital heart disease Persistent foetal circulation / patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) Pulmonary oedema
Whereas primary HPT involves at least 1 adenomatoid
gland, secondary (renal) hyperparathyroidism (rHPT) involves stimulation of all parathyroid tissues.
However, it is associated with other congenital abnormalities, including diaphragmatic hernia, cystic adenomatoid
malformation, duplications of GI tract, tracheoesophageal fistula, cardiovascular defects, and renal abnormalities.
Jennings discussed a variety of fetal anomalies that have been successfully treated at the center, including hypoplastic left heart syndrome, congenital cystic adenomatoid
malformation, cervical teratoma, bronchogenic cyst, and congenital diaphragmatic hernia.
Immunohistochemical staining was strongly positive for endothelial markers (CD31 and CD 34), and negative for mesothelial (Calretinin, WT1) and lymphatic markers (D2-40), excluding an adenomatoid
Follicular carcinoma must be distinguished from follicular adenoma, adenomatoid
nodules, the follicular variant of thyroid papillary carcinoma, medullary carcinoma, and other clear-cell tumors (parathyroid adenoma/carcinoma) or metastatic renal cell carcinoma.
The common secondary growth patterns of epithelioid MM are readily recognized bymost pathologists: tubulopapillary, acinar (glandular), adenomatoid
(also termed microglandular), and solid.
For the purpose of this review, we will focus on the most commonly encountered lesions in our practice, which include cystic adenomatoid
malformation, bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS), and bronchial atresia (BA).
Clinical categorization of scrotal masses according to anatomic location and clinical findings Testicular Testicular Extratesticular Extratesticular painful masses painless painful masses painless masses masses Torsion of Malignant Epididymitis Hernia spermatic cord testicular tumors Orchitis Benign Torsion of Hydrocele, testicular appendix testis hematocele tumors Testicular trauma In utero Torsion of Adenomatoid
(rupture, extravaginal epididymis epididymis hematoma) torsion tumor Hemorrage into Incarcerated Soft tissue tumor hernia tumors Benign or malignant Kawasaki disease Idiopathic scrotal edema Henoch-Schonlein purpura