Detailed study of the answers revealed that in spite of 9 hours spent in the tutorial, there was an amazing lack of basic understanding of renal physiology and pathophysiology of acute glomerulonephritis
in these patients may be only associated to hepatitis A virus or to another coincidental infection, including streptococcus, as in the patient in our clinical case, who presented prior coetaneous infection with hypochromic spots on the extremities (pyodermatitis stigma), pneumonia, hepatitis A documented with IgM antibodies for hepatitis A virus.
Differential Diagnosis Acute Glomerulonephritis
Nephrosis Gross hematuria Microhematuria may or may not be present Mild proteinuria Severe proteinuria Decreased GFR * Normal GFR * Hypertension Normal BP Mild edema Generalized edema Elevated BUN Normal BUN, creatinine Low C3 Normal C3 Normal cholesterol Elevated cholesterol * Glomerular filtration rate.
Less than 10% of patients present with signs of acute glomerulonephritis
, such as edema, hypertension, and hematuria (Galla, 1995).
If the child has a strep throat during a community outbreak of strep throat associated with rheumatic fever or post-streptococcal acute glomerulonephritis
(a kidney problems that occurs very infrequently after a strep throat), then repeat testing to ensure a complete recovery is indicated.
The most serious of these are acute glomerulonephritis
and acute rheumatic fever--the former leading to chronic kidney disease and the latter to chronic heart disease.
during late pregnancy: report of a case.
Antibiotics are not used for acute glomerulonephritis
, but they are important in treating other forms of disease related to infection.
Diuril[R] has also been found useful in treating edema due to various forms of renal dysfunction such as nephritic syndrome, acute glomerulonephritis
, and chronic renal failure.
1) Acute glomerulonephritis
is a pathological process that may be manifested by acute nephritic syndrome, nephrotic syndrome or Rapidly Proliferative Glomerulonephritis (RPGN).
Otitis media, pneumonia, septicaemia, osteomyelitis, rheumatic fever and acute glomerulonephritis
are the common complications associated with scarlet fever.
Here, a 13-year old girl who developed both acute glomerulonephritis
and hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in relation with Salmonella spp.
There are various histopathological alterations reported in renal biopsy from ARF caused by acute malaria including acute tubular necrosis, acute glomerulonephritis
, mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (in chronic malaria) (18-22).