Common causes of acute diarrhea
include infections that are viral (such as viral gastroenteritis), parasitic (including Giardia lambia), or bacterial (like Salmonella).
Material and Methods: One hundred and twenty eight children aged6 months to 60 months in an Outpatient pediatric department of PAF Hospital, E-9 Sector Islamabad with acute diarrhea
of <14 days were included in this randomized controlled trial.
In this study, following a literature review and based on experts' opinions, we detected a panel of proven and/or plausible diarrheal pathogens to fully understand the main causes of acute diarrhea
in children under 5 years of age in Wuhan, China.
For acute diarrhea
, the lab has a minimal role, restricted to patients passing bloody stools.
Around 90-95 percent of all cases of cholera and acute diarrhea
can be treated by oral fluid alone.
Other cases recorded were for acute diarrhea
, fever, conjunctivitis, skin disease and high blood pressure.
The common bacterial agents encountered in acute diarrhea
include Salmonella, Escherichia coli, Clostridium whereas the chronic diarrhea is caused by inflammatory or neoplastic conditions involving intestine or by disruption of normal physiological processes occurring in bowel (Aiello and Mays, 1998).
April 17, 2015 (BOR) -- Jonglei state's Duk county has reported a decrease in the number of acute diarrhea
and malaria cases.
Mohammad Yusuf, a resident of Sang Atash area, whose two children were evacuated to a health clinic with acute diarrhea
and vomiting because of drinking unhygienic water.
All patients were children 0-5 years of age, who were hospitalized for acute diarrhea
at the Complexe Pediatrique, Bangui, the main hospital for children in the Central African Republic, and all had an illness that met the World Health Organization definition of a suspected case of rotavirus-A gastroenteritis (http://www.
Norovirus causes vomiting and acute diarrhea
, normally lasting for a day or two, but the disease is highly contagious and can be life-threatening for people with impaired immune systems, children and the elderly.
20) Despite the reported encouraging benefits of zinc supplementation in childhood (up to 18% decline in children with acute diarrhea
frequency), (12) the cost effectiveness of such treatment is still arguable.
Data from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) have shown a substantial decrease in deaths in adults over the age of 30, and the mortality rate for children under age 5 from acute diarrhea
has fallen from 4.
Rotavirus associated acute diarrhea
in hospitalized children in Dibrugarh, north-east India.
In practice, diarrhea was captured as acute diarrhea
, bloody diarrhea, AWD, suspected cholera, gastroenteritis, or other diarrhea, depending on the reporting location.