The authors tested a generic intervention, relevant to people with both chronic confusion (dementia) and acute confusion
The researchers then identified the following as risk factors for stroke, acute confusion
and the combination of the two: hypertension, diabetes, carotid bruit (abnormal sound heard through a stethoscope when listening to blood flow in the carotid artery), previous stroke, age and time on the cardiopulmonary bypass pump (heart-lung machine).
Acute manias and agitated psychoses were termed "psychogenic delirium" and acute confusion
due to medical conditions or substance issues was termed "organic delirium.
NEECHAM is an instrument for assessing acute confusion
in hospitalized patients, particularly in the early stages.
The progressive illness can lead to problems concentrating and communicating, depression, physical weakness, memory problems, seizures and acute confusion
It has also been shown that older people have an increased risk of post-surgery complications, episodes of acute confusion
during hospitalisation, and so called 'challenging behaviours', which are manifested through expressions of anxiety, hallucinations and delusions, aggression and agitation, wandering, restlessness, rummaging and other socially deviant behaviors (Miller 1999; Finkel et al 1996).
Table 2 USEFUL ONLINE RESOURCES * Comparison of the clinical features of acute confusion
, dementia and depression.
The purpose of this module is to provide age-specific educational information about delirium or acute confusion
in older adults for the inpatient and outpatient staff.
Eight variables were significant independent predictors of pneumonia (increased pulse, respiratory rate [greater than or equal to] 30, temperature [greater than or equal to] 38 [degrees] C, somnolence or decreased alertness, presence of acute confusion
, lung crackles on auscultation, absence of wheezes, and increased white blood count).
The nursing diagnoses included acute confusion
, impaired verbal communication and impaired physical mobility.
, defined as recent loss of cognitive function with a lowered standard abbreviated mental test score.
Delirium, also known as acute confusion
, has been defined as an acute, potentially reversible change in behavior characterized by a clouding of consciousness, mental incoherence, and difficulty maintaining concentration and attention.
(AC) or delirium has been described in the clinical setting as reversible dementia, pseudosenility and acute brain syndrome.
was suffering from acute confusion
or delirium, one of the most serious and prevalent cognitive disorders among hospitalized elders.
The NEECHAM Confusion Scale is a 9-item instrument for use by nurses in detecting the presence and severity of acute confusion
with older hospitalized adults.