Early studies using culture-dependent assays concluded that oral squamous cell carcinomas (compared to normal tissues with the same patient) have a significantly increased abundance of both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria with increases in Veillonella, Fusobacterium, Prevotella, Porphyromonas, Actinomyces
and Clostridium (anaerobes), and Haemophilus, Enterobacteriaceae and Streptococcus species (aerobes).
For many years, Actinomyces
organisms were incorrectly believed to be fungi; indeed, in Greek, Actinomyces
translates to ray fungus.
A transurethral resection of the mass showed a high-grade invasive lesion macroscopically, but tissue diagnosis returned inflamed urothelial mucosa with colonies of gram positive bacteria morphologically consistent with actinomyces
A hard tissue fragment of dentine was colonised by a large aggregate of actinomyces
like filamentous bacteria and neutrophilic infiltrates, intermixed with scanty inflamed granulation tissue and stratified squamous mucosa.
3] Hotspots of biological activities were gas exchange, moisture, respiration of nutrient and localized supplies of organic matters,  and the beneficial bacterial species were either harmful or natural relation of the roots , in which Actinomyces
are aerobic, Gram positive bacteria, which is forming filaments used for the production of asexual spores and even of fruit bodies production.
1), (2) Although originally believed to be fungi, Nocardia are now classified as higher order bacteria and are related to actinomyces
2 Achromobacter denitrificans 2 Achromobacter xylosoxidans 2 Acinetobacter baumannii 5 Acinetobacter lwoffii 1 Actinomyces
israelii 1 Aeromonas hydrophila 1 Anaerobic diphtheroides 1 Anaerobic gram+ cocci 1 Bacillus sp.
Phenotypic examination of the recovered bacteria isolate revealed that they belong mainly to the genera of Enterobacter, Acinetobacter, Bacillus, Corynebacterium, Micrococcus, Serretia, Pseudomonas, Erwinia, Actinomyces
Pulmonary actinomycosis usually results from aspiration of infected material containing actinomyces
There was no specific evidence of tissue reaction to Actinomyces
in any of the other specimens (16 patients) reviewed, and their presence was found to be due to colonisation of the tonsils only.
, Eubacteriu and Peptostreptococcus (Table 1).
Actinomycosis is a rarely seen chronic suppurative infection which is caused by Gram positive, non-spore forming, predominantly anaerobic precaryotic bacteria called Actinomyces
A certain bacterium, Actinomyces
bovis, that lives in soft, can cause bony lump jaw.
With dune age increasing, bacteria, actinomyces
, and fungi increased in number (Wang et al.
pyogenes (ATCC-12384), Streptococcus pneumoniae (ATCC-6301), Acinetobacter calcoaceticus (ATCC-9956), Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC-49149), Escherichia coli (ATCC-4157), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 9742), Propionobacterium acne (ATCC-11828) and laboratory isolates of Corynebacterium xerosis (conjunctival swab), Nocardia asteroides (canalicular pus), Actinomyces