acrocyanosis


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Synonyms for acrocyanosis

cyanosis of the extremities

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References in periodicals archive ?
She was firstly admitted to the pediatric nephrology department because of acrocyanosis (Figure 1).
It can be useful to differentiate between central and peripheral cyanosis, also called acrocyanosis. Peripheral cyanosis is present in the distal extremities; it can be physiologic, appearing wherever there is a large arteriovenous oxygen gradient that develops with slow blood flow through distal capillary beds [8].
The clinical features in EE, such as recurrent petechiae, orthostatic acrocyanosis, and chronic diarrhea, are attributed to the accumulation of sulfide compounds in blood vessels.
Neonates, lanugo hair, Mongolian spots, sebaceous hyperplasia, cutis marmorata, vernix caseosa, acrocyanosis, neonatal acne, erythema toixcum neonatorum, neonatal alopecia.
Mechanism Examples Impaired capillary Raynaud's phenomenon, acrocyanosis, blood flow peripheral vascular disease, Eisenmenger syndrome, circulatory shock, hypothermia Increased glycolysis Leukemia, polycythemia vera Hyperviscosity Plasma cell dyscrasias, for example, multiple myeloma, monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance, Waldenstrom macroglobulinaemia Medication Ascorbic acid, dopamine, mannitol, acetaminophen Preanalytic factors Delay in separation of plasma from formed blood contents
The patient presented also symmetric facial lipoatrophy on the Bichat fat pad, hypertrichosis on the lower limbs, acrocyanosis, white nails, and digital clubbing.
There are wide range of clinical manifestations of (i) ethylmalonic encephalopathy, (ii) SCADD, and (iii) GAII as follows: (i) developmental delay, acrocyanosis, petechiae, and chronic diarrhea [1]; (ii) hypotonia, congenital myopathy, joint contractures, growth and developmental retardation, seizures, neonatal metabolic acidosis, encephalopathy, axonal neuropathy, recurrent vomiting, progressive ophthalmoplegia with ptosis, hypoglycemia, cardiomyopathy, and muscular wasting and scoliosis [6]; (iii) recurrent episodes of lethargy, vomiting and hypoglycemia, metabolic acidosis, and hepatomegaly, or muscular involvement in the form of pain, weakness and lipid myopathy [5].
Signs and symptoms that are usually associated with congenital anomalies are more common in children and can be non-specific like shortness of breath, fatigue, acrocyanosis or cyanosis, frequent respiratory infections, failure to thrive, and jaundice.
Acrocyanosis is a persistent dusky red discoloration of hands and feet due to venostasis and peripheral deoxygenation.
Nevertheless, systemic use of propranolol may have side effects such as hypotension, bronchospasm, bradycardia, hypoglycemia, acrocyanosis, gastrointestinal and sleep disturbances, and respiratory infections (25).
Livedo, acrocyanosis, and peripheral ulcers represent the most likely cutaneous manifestations of APS [37, 38].
Acrocyanosis, which was present on admission, had progressed to distal necrosis of the toes in both feet and part of the right hand.
Orthostatic tachycardia and acrocyanosis of the lower extremities may be the only physical signs in these patients.
Physical signs of anorexia include hypothermia, acrocyanosis, resting bradycardia, hypotension, orthostatic blood pressure and pulse, and loss of muscle mass.