The herniation of the gallbladder through acquired defects
of the abdominal wall (incisional hernia) has been much less reported.
If a congenital colour vision deficiency is suspected, the test can be carried out binocularly, but if an acquired defect
is under investigation, the testing should be conducted monocularly.
are mostly due to trauma or as a result from treatment of neoplasms.
Discussion includes congenital malformations, acquired defects
, secondary cases due to unsatisfactory ear reconstruction, complications, auricular prosthesis, minor anomalies, and aesthetic variations.
It is a maxillofacial prosthesis used to close congenital or acquired defects
mostly of the hard palate and/or adjoining alveolar/soft tissue structures.14
Reconstruction of acquired defects
of the vagina and perineum.
of maxilla may be due to trauma and excessive pathologies such as cyst, tumors and infections.
To be able to understand the use of colour vision testing to identify acquired defects
resulting from systemic medication (Group 3.1.4)