acetyl

(redirected from acetyl CoA)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Acronyms, Encyclopedia.
Graphic Thesaurus  🔍
Display ON
Animation ON
Legend
Synonym
Antonym
Related
  • noun

Synonyms for acetyl

the organic group of acetic acid (CH3CO-)

References in periodicals archive ?
kodakaraensis homologs were studied mainly using acids as the substrates, in both studies ACS3 exhibited Michaelis-Menten kinetics when acetyl CoA and ADP were used as substrates.
Here, an acetyl-CoA molecule combines with two carbon dioxide units and gets reductively converted, first to 3-hydroxypropianate and then to 4-hydroxy butyrate, eventually yielding two acetyl CoA molecules in a reaction catalyzed by 4-hydroxybutyryl-CoA dehydratase.
The retro inhibition of this enzyme may cause the lesser utilization of acetyl CoA, which in turn is a breakdown product of triglycerides.
Acetylation of histones and non histone proteins contributes predominantly to this regulation by altering the chromatin structure and protein activity using acetyl CoA as the donor molecule.
Acetyl CoA (or 'active acetate') plays a central role in metabolism of macronutrients.
Molecular cloning of two different cDNAs for maize acetyl CoA carboxylase.
This led to the suggestion that hyperinsulinaemia and insulin resistance due to impaired insulin action and/or insulin receptor activity and binding might lead to a reduction in glucose utilization and glycolytic enzymes and subsequent decrease in acetyl CoA and acetyl choline synthesis [40].
The acetylation of cyclooxygenase [8] and other cellular proteins [9] by aspirin through a transacetylation reaction are examples of nonenzymatic protein acetylation independent of acetyl CoA. Arylamine N-acetyltransferases (NATs) are a class of biotransformation enzymes that catalyze acetyl group transfer from acetyl CoA, or another acetyl group donor, to the exocyclic amine of arylamines (N-acetylation) or the hydroxyl oxygen of N-hydroxylated arylamines (O-acetylation) [10].
Clostridium, Thermoanaerobacter, and Geobacillus)and some members of protozoa, such as Giardia lamblia and Entamoeba histolytica, and catalyzes the conversion of acetyl CoA to acetaldehyde [18-23].
The increased glycolytic hexokinase activity, decrease in blood ATP, leakage of cytochrome C, increase in serum pyruvate and decrease in acetyl CoA indicates the generation of the Warburg phenotype.