The participle in (19) carries the masculine accusative
singular ending of the so-called "strong" adjective declension, -ne, to agree with the accusative
NP, but not in (20).
In Old Avestan, as in many old Indo-European languages, objects are not necessarily restricted to the accusative
SUBJ VERB DIRECT OBJECT Case: NOM ACCUSATIVE
Theta-role: AGENT VERB THEME/PATIENT (13) INTRANSITIVE [Gianni [telefona [[empty set]]].
Since a higher degree of individuation of the object requires a higher degree of morphosyntactic transitivity, then it follows that an animate pivot will be realized as an object (with accusative
case), while an inanimate pivot will not, occurring in the construction with reduced transitivity instead.
In (35b) the subordinated participant is accusative
Table 2 Semantic Pragmatic Syntactic function: function: function: Case marking: Agent Primary topic Subject Nominative (0) Patient Secondary topic Direct Object Accusative
Nominative (0) Recipient Focus Oblique Lative
Still, the person who did is now aware of the accusative
Therefore, the incomplete dependency hypotheses in (7) and (8) on the one hand, and the predicted head hypothesis in (6) on the other hand, make different predictions at the nominal positions before the embedded verb, particularly the accusative
NP before the verb, which is present in all six conditions.
Furthermore, there is a "light" version of this morpheme (in, an, lakin) that in most varieties does not govern an accusative
noun (Sibawayhi 1970, 1: 430).
Campbell's treatment (1959: 226-229) highlights that the nature of the base-final segment, whether the base ended in a liquid (1, r) or a nasal (n, m), or neither, was key in the sense that disyllabic neuters of this shape, regardless of root syllable length, typically contained an anaptyctic vowel in zero-inflected forms, like their regular nominative and accusative
plural forms (cf.
the use of dative subjects as subjects of verbs originally requiring an accusative
Conscendere |to rise/climb up over, or onto' is regularly used with a solid, vertical or lofty accusative
object, such as a wall, a mountain, heaven or a pyre.
In the following, I will show that the core forms of the type do not have the semantics expected of a perfect stem derivative, and that they behave syntactically like participles rather than real agent nouns, in that they assign accusative
case to their direct objects and can be modified by adverbs.
Put another way, as a result of the diachronic reanalysis by which the C-position developed as a potential accusative
Case licenser, the reanalysis of the preposition for as a complementizer took place, as in (10).
2) The former (possessor) is in the form of genitive or ablative (in cases when the possessee is direct object) and the latter (possessee) has obligatory possessive suffix which applies to the person of the possessor (plus marker of accusative
in the case of ablative) ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.