The wall and contents of the carpal canal (deep digital flexor tendon, superficial digital flexor tendon, accessory ligament
of the superficial digital flexor tendon, flexor retinaculum, palmar carpal ligament), the proximal attachment of the suspensory ligament and the carpal joint ligaments were shown in our results were in a line with that mentioned in horse (Konig et al.).
The strong attachment of the SDF tendon on the palmar fascia may be interpreted as the accessory ligament
of the SDF in the horse (the proximal check ligament).
Comparing to the suspensory apparatus in the llama to that of the horse, there is no reciprocal apparatus or accessory ligament
of the DDF tendon in llamas.
Manual therapy of the mandibular accessory ligaments
for the management of temporomandibularjoint disorders.
In some affected young one, in addition to the superficial and deep digital flexor musculotendon units and their accessory ligaments
, the suspensory ligament, joint capsules and collateral ligaments prevent normal extension of the joints (Stephen and Elizabeth, 2000).