In 1848, in full European revolutionary movement, with profound disorders in England as well, a group of English young men, among which the painters Dante Gabriel Rossetti (also a poet), Holman Hunt and John Millais, ecstatically contemplate the frescoes in Pisa, and, convinced by the value of the Italian primitive painters, altered by Raphael and by the academism
of his followers (Hilton, 2000:23), decide that the salvation of contemporary art lies in the return to naive realism of the primitives and found a cultural group called "The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood".
This marks Otaku as related to the New Academism
movement of the 1980s, during which the Japanese academic establishment was influenced by Baudrillard, Lyotard, Lacan, and Derrida and went on to influence its largely non-academic readership.
A comparable process would occur almost simultaneously in Nazi Germany with its banning of entartete Kunst (degenerate art) accused of being Jewish Bolshevist and foreign, and with its imposition of heavy academism
. Both totalitarian regimes, which had come to power with the pretense to represent the people (or the masses) against the bourgeoisie dreaded the threat of modernity as individualist and thus seditious.
Piper argues that the Modernist accent on design, form and structure and the suppression of literary interest and atmosphere had 'tended to squash all that was most natural in English painters and produced a new and artificial academism
Universiade Belgrade 2009, in association with universities and university organisation will leave a legacy personified in the belief that academism
and sport are interconnected.
The court of Louis XIV at Versailles remains the unequaled model for centralized government, its classicizing Baroque ostentation the finest flower of the academism
fundamental to its realization.
Gautier then twists a string of barely masked unfavorable comparisons with the popular cartoonists of the time into an insincere endorsement of Topffer's distaste for academism
and embracement of naivete in art.
At the same time, the stylistic complexity and refinement of French philosophical writing, which had its causes (in particular, this was evidently a reaction to intense academism
and to a certain dogmatism of rigid interdisciplinary articulations), was met in Russia as a sign of the new philosophy as such.
While studying in the West, in Montreal and Paris, Avedissian realised that western modern academism
and its cultural mechanism was part of a system in which he would become an exotic outsider if he lived outside its centre.
Certain prohibitive factors rampant during Cassatt's French debut unquestionably operated in Poland during Boznanska's early years: rigid societal mores, intensified by the power of the Polish Catholic church and exacerbated by the rather parochial atmosphere of her native Krakow, then a provincial city on the border of the Austro-Hungarian empire; and, perhaps more prominently in the young Boznanka's case, the academism
and conservative attitudes of the Krakow artistic milieu under the often oppressive aegis of the revered master of historical painting, Jan Matejko.
is so strong that anyone seeking to make an international academic appeal, including Said himself, should use English as a vehicle to convey one's ideas.
In his 1893 article he centred his argument on the Cinquecento style of the Nazarenes, as opposed to the Pre-Raphaelites' reverence for the Quattrocento, and also pointed out their moral statement against Academism
. The underlying issue of the Ojetti-Angeli querelle was not simply the correct notion of English Pre-Raphaelitism, but rather the criticism launched against the Italian 'Pre-Raphaelites'.
B.'s style is dryly academic, but it manifests an academism
steeped in many decades of deep reflection on these issues.
Women's studies, challenged the existing academism
at the University of Korea, and spread like wildfire due to the collective demands of female students and the passion for research on women's issues.