Incidence and costs of neonatal abstinence syndrome
among infants with Medicaid: 2004-2014.
Less than 1% (49/7,452) were diagnosed with neonatal abstinence syndrome
(NAS) (see Table 1).
Since 2008 in New Jersey, cases of neonatal abstinence syndrome
, a group of serious health problems that can occur if a fetus is exposed to opioids in utero, doubled to 685 in 2016.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse has reported that the number of babies born with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome
has increased fivefold since 2000.
At Shrewsbury and Telford hospitals, 52 babies were born with neonatal abstinence syndrome
"Interestingly enough, we expected that the mothers of the NAS babies would have some kind of drug use, [but] a lot of the NAS cohort mothers tested positive for additional drugs, other than methadone, which is usually how babies end up developing neonatal abstinence syndrome
Also, neonates of psychoactive substance-dependent women may have postnatal abstinence syndrome
, prolonged hospitalization, eating difficulties, and respiratory problems.
We seek help for these mothers, but also to lessen the negative effects of neonatal abstinence syndrome
The results revealed that neonates exposed to buprenorphine needed 89% less morphine to treat neonatal abstinence syndrome
(NAS), 43% shorter hospital stay, and 58% shorter duration of medical treatment for NAS compared with those receiving methadone.
"These include increases in opioid use disorders and related fatalities from overdoses, as well as the rising incidence of newborns who experience neonatal abstinence syndrome
. In some instances, prescription opioid misuse can progress to intravenous heroin use with consequent increases in risk for HIV, hepatitis C, and other infections among individuals sharing needles."
Therefore, courts may apply the exemptions of article 20.2 (complete intoxication or abstinence syndrome
) or the mitigating circumstances of article 21.1 (incomplete intoxication and abstinence) and 21.2 (serious addiction to the substance), among others.
Approximately 900 babies were born with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome
(NAS) in Tennessee last year, a 10-fold increase from a decade ago.
There is also a risk of neonatal abstinence syndrome
(NAS) from exposure to medications such as opioids in pregnancy.
"Any babies born with neonatal abstinence syndrome
are nursed in special care units and ongoing support and monitoring is provided to the family.
Nashville, TN, July 05, 2014 --(PR.com)-- According to the Tennessee Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services website, “The abuse of prescription drugs, specifically opioids, is an epidemic in Tennessee, with disastrous and severe consequences to Tennesseans of every age including: overdose deaths, emergency department visits, hospital costs, newborns with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome
, children in state custody, and people incarcerated for drug-related crimes.”