absolute space

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physical space independent of what occupies it

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Geographic information has largely been defined and implemented in a manner that constitutes independent entities with intensive properties, contextually indexed by location in an absolute space, and known objectively through a geographic gaze.
For instance, it sets up a series of relationships between the absolute space of specific locations (nations, cities, villages), the relative spaces enabled by air travel and globalized circulation of media products and businesses, and the relational spaces in which processes of power and representation across time form relations between groups and individuals.
Since the time of Aristotle two fundamental ideas had gone unchallenged: the notions of absolute space and absolute time.
The gradual transition from absolute space to abstract space was, in the case of Europe, a rather extensive period stretching from its first roots in late antiquity through to the rise of national states and the beginnings of industrialisation to contemporary urban space.
0'] of the absolute speed of the Newtonian absolute space (the ether of classical mechanics), it can take on values in the range 0 [less than or equal to] [phi][V.
The other strand (re)articulates citizenship in terms of ambiguous paradoxical subjectivity that challenges the modern framing of the politics of citizenship as necessarily needing to be conceptualized in terms of absolute space.
This open area can be regarded as absolute space and as Henry Lefebvre states, "Absolute space was made up of fragments of nature located at sites which were chosen for their intrinsic qualities but whose very consecration ended up by stripping them of their natural characteristics and uniqueness" (48).
of duration by means of motion," (22) and relative space is defined as "any movable measure of dimension" of absolute space.
For example, in discussing Leibniz's PSR-based attack on Newtonian absolute space and time Pruss claims that 'the argument is not likely to be used for showing space and time to be relative' but is 'more likely to act as an attempt at a reductio ad absurdum of the PSR' (29).
Here, the notions of an infinite absolute space and a relative, often claustrophobic place, always go together in his stylistic re-creation, as well as in the characters' perceptions and, finally, in the reader's mental re-creation.
Furthermore, Leibniz's rejection of the concept of absolute space and time, which for a long time seemed a little bit loony to people, enjoyed a revival beginning with Ernst Mach.
Space is impenetrable in the sense that one piece of Newtonian absolute space cannot be moved to coincide with another, but were God to arrange such a thing, sua potentia absoluta, it would certainly be penetrable with itself; and it is entirely penetrable by a placed body, or one might want to say that it penetrates the placed body.
Einstein's miracle year was 1905, when he published three articles in Max Planck's journal Annalen der Physik in which he replaced Newton's absolute space with a relative space--the special theory of relativity; argued for the existence of atoms; and overturned the wave theory of light by introducing the "photon," laying the foundation for quantum mechanics.
Whereas absolute accuracy is a measure of the coordinate position of a feature in the GIS database as a function of its true position in space, relative accuracy is a measure of the position of one feature relative to another feature, without regard to its location in absolute space.
Newton postulated absolute space (and not spacetime) because he thought that absolute quantities of motion had to start with absolute velocity, because he assumed that simultaneity was a non-relative matter, and because his view of time was firmly the tensed view (and not the modern 'spatialized' view of time on which there is no absolute 'now').