However, one of the most consistently documented differences between men and women--evincing what most people believe to be an innate aptitude--involves spatial ability.
One of the most commonly used measures of spatial rotation ability is the Vandenberg Mental Rotation Test, in which participants are shown a series of three-dimensional objects at varying angles and must determine which are identical.
That differences in spatial-rotation ability between the sexes might be innate is important because spatial rotation is a necessary skill for many of the elite, high-paying jobs in mathematics and the physical sciences.
The reason for the focus on ability is the belief, expressed in Savickas's (1994) observation, that "ability is the integrative construct for much of the rest of psychology" (p.
The following integration of some of the theoretical concepts into an ability assessment and its interpretation are organized according to seven of Super's theoretical propositions (as given in the list that follows Figure 1; Super et al.
In Figure 1, the Ability Areas rating chart illustrates how people differ in their abilities and, because norms are used, how an individual also differs from others on the same ability.
Dampening of brain growth in this way could hinder a child's ability to absorb information and integrate it into problem-solving skills.
It's also not clear whether there is an underlying unity to g, since it's a fairly artificial measure that focuses on the ability to succeed at unfamiliar and out-of-the-ordinary tasks," he adds.
IQ tests and g may to some extent pick up on the ability to co- opt biologically primary skills for the acquisition of secondary skills in school or elsewhere," Geary contends.
Murray and Herrnstein present a pessimistic summary of efforts to raise cognitive ability through social programs.
Admitting that persons have multiple skills does not undermine the empirical case that heterogeneity in ability is an important fact of social and economic life.
They acknowledge - and then go on to forget - that the relationship between education and ability is far from exact.
Best features: Technical support, ability to switch between forms and input sheets, installation from CD-ROM.
Improvements desired: Better fixed asset screen layout, better use of pull-down menus, improved integration of multistate returns, ability to review state forms on screen, support for more states.
These risks and uncertainties include the Company's ability
to maintain strong sales throughout the remainder of the fiscal year, the ability
of the Company to maintain strong growth and profitability, the Company's ability
to keep costs low, the Company's ability
to implement its business strategy, the Company's ability
to maintain relationships with its primary vendors, the Company's ability
to limit its exposure to currency exchange risk and fluctuations in the availability and prices of the Company's merchandise, the Company's ability
to compete with other jewelers, the success of the Company's marketing initiatives, the Company's ability
to have a successful customer service program, and the Company's ability
to attract and retain its key personnel.