wishes for abundant life (bula levulevu) and that yaqona
As the chief drinks the first cup of yaqona
or as Ravuvu calls, the elixir of immortality, he "was reborn and embodied with mana to effect life" (40).
Similarly 'Na Yaqona
' was used to highlight both the cultural significance for the Fijian people and the dangers of overuse of kava:
"Our millennium program began before last New Year's Eve...it will probably end when we receive two special chartered 747s from Japan to celebrate New Year's Eve this year," said Steve Yaqona
, millennium coordinator at the Fiji Visitors' Bureau.
It's all for everybody's benefit and also fun," said Sitiveni Yaqona
, chairman of Fiji's National Millennium Celebration Committee.
it is a mild narcotic made from the ground root of a pepper plant and known all over Fiji as grog.
The duke smiled as he realised another cup of yaqona
- a mild drug-drink made from the ground root of a pepper plant - was coming his way.
The drink, officially called yaqona
but known all over Fiji as grog, is so strong that heavy drinkers develop scaly skin, can't work and in some cases can't walk.
The Fijian kava or yaqona
ceremony is an occasion on which the whole village gathers to discuss matters of importance or to welcome an honoured guest.(6) The presentation of the kava includes ai wase ni yaqona
vakaturaga -- the portion of food for the chief after the drinking of the kava.
Other biblical allusions include the suggestion that the word 'tanoa', denoting the culturally emblematic wooden bowl used to serve kava (yaqona
), derives from a phrase meaning 'built by Noah', of the biblical Ark.
The effects of the herbal product kava (Kava kava, 'Awa, Yaqona
, Piper methysticum) on human P450 isoforms were studied in vitro using both cDNA-expressed human enzymes and cryopreserved human hepatocytes.
Scholars have noted how conversion to evangelical traditions in villages can allow people to evade recognition of chiefly authority and vanua commitments through avoiding settings such as yaqona
(kava) drinking and Methodist worship, in which the ranked, interlinked relations of vanua are reinscribed (Brison 2007a:51-6; Newland 1994).
On most race days small groups of gamblers use these benches to prepare, serve, and consume yaqona
(kava) or sit down for a rest between races.