He also conquered the West Saxons
at a decisive battle at Benson.
That some were descended from Saxons, there is no doubt, but they were a minority in the areas referred to as East Saxons and West Saxons
Of these, Wessex, the land of the West Saxons
, had emerged on top in the reigns of his immediate predecessors.
Our forefathers fought with Alfred, King of the West Saxons
, and died with Harold Godwinson at Hastings.
The West Saxons
only entered into contact with the language of their subjected Britons.
Alfred is, by now, no longer merely the ruler of the West Saxons
. In solidifying his borders against the Vikings, he has also expanded into most of the former Mercia: his new kingdom thus comprises two peoples with a distant history of possible mutual hostility and, for the Mercians, a recent history of enforced cooperation with the West Saxons
and prior submission to an enemy the West Saxons
manage to withstand.
Italy was the centre of written law, while England, and within England, the West Saxons
comprised the fringe.
With the gradual ascendancy and conquests of Wessex in the 9th and 10th centuries, the king of the West Saxons
became the king of the Angelcynn, Angeltheode, or English (Angligenarum, gentisAngligenae, Anglorum), and the tribal kings came to an end.
The rise of Wessex affected this power play, and Cubitt argues that the loss of the archbishop's legal eminence in the second half of the ninth century was due to the different form of kingship practiced by the West Saxons
. Cubitt's mustering of the evidence offers new views (such as her belief in the regular occurrence of councils between 672 and 780), summaries of current debates (her critique of the `minster model', for example), and a scholarly apparatus.
, Mercians, East Anglians, Danes, Norsemen and Northumbrians, each with their own king, spent their time beating each other up.
Birth and youth unknown, but succeeded Ceolred as King of Mercia after some time spent in exile (716); most provinces south of the River Humber acknowledged him as overlord by 731; invaded Wessex and occupied Somerton (733), by which time he also held London; twice made war on Northumbria (737, 744), and also fought the Welsh (743); although defeated by the West Saxons
(752), his influence was little reduced; later in his reign his charters use the style "King of Britain"; murdered by his followers (757).
Egbert, originally king of the West Saxons
, conquered the other English realms, making himself master of all England.
The word "bairn" comes from the northern Anglo-Saxon bearn while the West Saxons
in the south opted for "cild" which became child.
This was the key to an export drive that brought in silver and other precious materials--the economic means to drive forward the unification of England under the West Saxons