Frederick Ebert led the new Weimar government (called such because the republic's constitution was drafted in the eponymous city), which attempted to establish a liberal democracy in their war-ravaged country.
In 1920, as Communist insurrections and nationalist counter-insurgencies raged across Germany, the Weimar government passed the "Law on the Disarmament of the People," which banned civilian possession of "military-style weapons.
28] While the Weimar government relaxed penalties for abortion, the Nazi government in 1933 enacted even harsher laws against abortion and contraception, and during the Second World War decreed the death penalty for those who continuously carried out abortions.
Grosz supported the 1919 Spartacist uprising in Berlin, which aimed to overthrow the Social Democrat Weimar government and replace it with socialism, directing his work against the forces which had crushed the `Soviet Republic of Bavaria.
Among the issues he treats on the basis of inadequate research are the courses of Farben's internal debate over synthetic fuel and of negotiations with the Weimar government over subsidizing it; the firm's political stance in the waning years of the Weimar Republic; the nature and importance of IG's long struggle with the Nazi regime over funding for synthetic rubber factories; the complexities of Hjalmar Schacht's attitude toward autarky; and the process of corporate expansion in occupied or annexed lands after 1938.