A third limitation is the restricted ability to reject the alternative hypothesis of relatively small but potentially important differences in PbB concentrations across water fluoridation
Since then, our opposition to drinking water fluoridation
has grown, based on the scientific literature documenting the increasingly out-of-control exposures to fluoride, the lack of benefit to dental health from ingestion of fluoride and the hazards to human health from such ingestion.
Every dollar invested in water fluoridation
results in $38 of savings in dental care costs, Yarbrough added, citing a figure from the CDC.
One of the organizations went out of business due to lack of funding because it came out in favor of community water fluoridation
The American Dental Hygienists' Association supports community water fluoridation
as a safe and effective method for reducing the incidence of dental caries throughout the human lifespan.
Scotland, with no water fluoridation
at all, has higher levels of adult obesity than all the English regions.
Copeland of the American Water Works Association presents this concise handbook on water fluoridation
intended as an accessible resource for decision makers, engineers, and operating personnel involved with fluoridation installations.
They noted that while previous research has revealed a positive return on investment in regard to community water fluoridation
, those findings were based on studies that occurred prior to 1995.
The main limitations of current research on the effectiveness of water fluoridation
are its exclusion of adults and elderly and failure to consider quality of life outcomes," he wrote.
The reason I started to campaign against fluoride in the '80s was because friends in Gwynedd were telling me how many babies they knew on Anglesey who were Down's syndrome babies and I had also read an article in the Irish Times on the increased numbers of young mothers having Down's syndrome babies (both areas with water fluoridation
at the time).
In addition, the new website has data on the percent of states' population with access to community water fluoridation
, obtained from biennial water fluoridation
reports from 2000 through 2012.
Researchers investigated GP surgeries in the West Midlands which has the highest levels of water fluoridation
in the country.
Dr Sandra White, director of dental public health at the body, said: "The totality of evidence, accumulated over decades of research, tells us that water fluoridation
is a safe and effective public health measure, and shows no association with reduced thyroid function.
The history of water fluoridation
is a classic example of clinical observation leading to epidemiologic investigation and community-based public health intervention.
The topic of water fluoridation
is a major public health issue, particularly in the Northern Rivers of NSW, where recent votes in various local councils have just approved fluoridation in the local water supply.