A number of countries, including Austria, Belgium, China, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden have identified the risks associated with water fluoridation
and banned the practice.
This year marks the 70th anniversary of community water fluoridation
in the United States, with Grand Rapids, Michigan paving the way in 1945.
While additional sources of fluoride are more widely used than they were in 1962, the need for community water fluoridation
still continues," said then-U.
It seemed to me then and it seems to me now there are too many unknowns and too many risks to go down a path of water fluoridation
MWF is a voluntary public disclosure website; states choose whether they will provide their water fluoridation
information to MWF.
He said: "Extensive research over many years tells us that water fluoridation
is a safe and effective public health measure and reports from Public Health England have found no association with reduced thyroid function.
Despite concerns regarding water fluoridation
, the majority of public health officials have concluded that water fluoridation
at optimal levels is safe and effective.
Local authority employees involved in duties relating to water fluoridation
receive training by their local authority prior to commencing such duties, the cost of which varies from one local authority to another.
Youngsters living in areas where water fluoridation
schemes are in place - such as Coventry and Warwickshire - are less likely to have tooth decay than those in other regions, according to a Public Health England report.
The balance of scientific evidence worldwide confirms water fluoridation
, at the optimal level, does not cause any ill-effects and continues to be safe and effective in protecting the oral health of all age groups.
NZNO IS supporting the Ministry of Health 's (MoH) community water fluoridation
(CWF) campaign, which has been running alongside the local body elections.
These sentiments have resulted in Oregon having the third-lowest water fluoridation
rate in the country, according to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research - 19.
In public health terms, it means that more people benefit from water fluoridation
than previously thought," he added.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has proclaimed community water fluoridation
as one of the 10 great public health achievements of the 20th century.
of Edinburgh, UK) line up evidence against the US national policy of water fluoridation