10) Thus a new chapter was opened in the relationship between Waldensians
and Roman Catholics in Italy.
1570 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999); Giorgio Tourn, You Are My Witnesses : The Waldensians
Across 800 Years, (Friendship Press, 1989); Paul Tice, History of the Waldenses from the Earliest Period to the Present Time.
Interestingly, the only easily accessible, book-form study on the music of the Waldensians
is relatively recent (Lantelme, 1989).
Francis made the appeal during the first-ever visit by a pope to a Waldensian
house of worship, starting the second day of his two-day visit to Turin with a strong ecumenical message of Christian inclusiveness and fraternity.
Its importance was made obvious, however, by the Council's treatment of the Waldensians
who were forbidden to preach without permission.
She was confirmed in the Lithuanian Waldensian
church when she was seventeen, but although she respected the Waldensian
traditional values of austerity, she was only nominally religious, according to Spini (309-10).
The selections are not limited to the narrowly orthodox: Cathars, Lollards, and Waldensians
are represented, as are Beghards and Beguines, controversial visionaries (chapter 37) as well as recognized saints.
The reader would have liked to see more done with the Waldensians
, who were also known as "The Poor Men of Lyon," to explore the instigative impact of such marginal, heretical groups on the mainstream Church of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries (182).
Eventually the Mennonites became a minority group (always divided by recurrent internal schisms) in the Netherlands, including persons of wealth, and devoted themselves to assisting Protestant refugees throughout Europe, some of them fellow Anabaptists, but also Schwenckfelders, Huguenots and Waldensians
Its sources draw on family devotional books, receipts for chapel construction, penitential manuals, personal narratives, interrogations of Waldensians
and Cathars, saints' lives, petitions by lay people to their bishops, even a description of the ceremony for a young man's first shaving, among many other sources.
, Cathars and other groups had inherited the dualism of the gnostic sects of Christianity's earliest days, who believed that the material world was evil, created and controlled by a great malignant power, not by the good God.
WARC has roots in the 16th-century Reformation led by John Calvin, John Knox and others, as well as in earlier church reform movements such as the Waldensians
in the Piedmont valleys, and the followers of Jan Hus in the Czech lands.
At almost the same time, the Waldensians
claimed that their preaching was prohibited and that they were persecuted by the church because it was in the grip of the Antichrist.
As a man of action, Possevino undertook missions to Piedmont, where he campaigned against the Waldensians
, and in northern and eastern Europe, as far afield as Transylvania.
Its origins go back to 1884, when Waldensians
and Methodists in Uruguay united in their efforts to prepare national pastors.