(10.) The Waldenses
received approval from Alexander III in 1179 and the Humiliati were founded in 1178.
Recalling her earlier reference to a pastoral and Alpine landscape near the very beginning of her argument, Schimmelpenninck writes, The young nobleman, who passes through the fertile and richly variegated country of Dauphine and Piedmont, whose fancy is delighted with the endless succession of magnificent mountains, capt [sic] with snow, sloping hills, gay with vineyards, glassy lakes, mountain streams, and sheltered fertile vallies [sic], experiences very different feelings from his clerical tutor, who passes with religious veneration over the spot, consecrated by the piety and the sufferings of the Waldenses
. (Theory 136)
Tightly knit communities like the Waldenses
, the Unity of Czech Brethren, the Mennonites and the Quakers attacked the official Roman-Catholic perspective on war and violence as a sinful betrayal of Jesus Christ's message of non-resistance and unconditional love.
(21.) Even the twelfth-century Waldenses
, who were one of the earliest groups to rebel against papal authority, affirmed the essential nature of the sacraments.
and similar heretics, some generations ago, did not blush to imitate these worldly and bestial philosophers, alleging that each man has the right shamelessly to copulate with women, like dogs.
He notes that, in the examples of Catharism, the Waldenses
, and Lollardy, dissident religious thinking, in a preprint era, was disseminated quite successfully and the crucial factor was "state oppression": Luther, he notes, "received political backing and protection" (68).
He sees the spirit of Protestant doctrine passing from Waldenses
to Albigenses, from Wycliffe to Hieronymus von Prag and Jan Hus, from Luther in Germany to Zwingli in Zurich, from Oecolampadius in Basel to Capito in Strasburg, ending at Calvin's reformed Church in Geneva.
Colish, "Peter Lombard"; Michael Robson, "Bonaventure"; Fergus Kerr, "Thomas Aquinas"; Oliver Davies, "Later Medieval Mystics"; Takashi Shogimen, "Academic Controversies"; Alexander Broadie, "Duns Scotus and William of Ockham"; Euan Cameron, "The Waldenses
"; Gerhard Rottenwohrer, "Dualism"; Matthew S.
Bien ecrit, bien organise, enrichi d'illustrations, de cartes geographiques et d'un index fort utiles, Waldenses
dewait plaire aussi bien au grand public qu'aux specialistes des grandes heresies medievales.
. Rejections of Holy Church in Medieval Europe.
Though the Catholic faith was widespread in Europe by the thirteenth century, there were heretical groups such as the Cathars and the Waldenses
. Though the Church had tried for a hundred years to get the bishops and the civil leaders to deal with them, Pope Gregory felt the need for a more centralized organization for this purpose.
Above a hundred thousand Albigenses in France; many thousands of the Waldenses
, there, and in Italy; the like in Germany of the Bohemians ..."
The Anabaptists, Waldenses
, Lollards, and other groups all held similar non-saluting beliefs.
Mn Yellow Back Radio Reed identifies his Vodoun hero with a gnostic idea of the devil and his uprising with that of the Albigenses and Waldenses
(YBR 164-65, 151).